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Eric Lambin
Journal Articles

Impacts of Chilean forest subsidies on forest cover, carbon and biodiversity

Eric Lambin
Nature Sustainability , 2020

In response to the important benefits forests provide, there is a growing effort to reforest the world. Past policies and current commitments indicate that many of these forests will be plantations. Since plantations often replace more carbon-rich or biodiverse land covers, this approach to forest expansion may undermine objectives of increased carbon storage and biodiversity. We use an econometric land use change model to simulate the carbon and biodiversity impacts of subsidy driven plantation expansion in Chile between 1986 and 2011.

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Journal Articles

Habitat fragmentation, livelihood behaviors, and contact between people and nonhuman primates in Africa

Eric Lambin
Landscape Ecology , 2020

Deforestation and landscape fragmentation have been identified as processes enabling direct transmission of zoonotic infections. Certain human behaviors provide opportunities for direct contact between humans and wild nonhuman primates (NHPs), but are often missing from studies linking landscape level factors and observed infectious diseases.

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Journal Articles

Oil palm expansion and deforestation in Southwest Cameroon associated with proliferation of informal mills

Elsa Ordway, Rosamond L. Naylor, Raymond Nkongho, Eric Lambin
Nature , 2019

Oil palm expansion resulted in 2 million hectares (Mha) of forest loss globally in 2000–2010. Despite accounting for 24% (4.5 Mha) of the world’s total oil palm cultivated area, expansion dynamics in sub-Saharan Africa have been overlooked. We show that in Southwest Cameroon, a top producing region of Africa, 67% of oil palm expansion from 2000–2015 occurred at the expense of forest. Contrary to the publicized narrative of industrial-scale expansion, most oil palm expansion and associated deforestation is occurring outside large agro-industrial concessions.

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Journal Articles

Improving environmental practices in agricultural supply chains: The role of company-led standards

Tannis Thorlakson, Jens Hainmueller, Eric Lambin
Global Environmental Change , 2017

Food retailers and manufacturers are increasingly committing to address agricultural sustainability issues in their supply chains. In place of using established eco-certifications, many companies define their own supply chain sustainability standards.

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Journal Articles

Oil palm expansion in Cameroon: Insights into sustainability opportunities and challenges in Africa

Elsa Ordway, Rosamond L. Naylor, Raymond N. Nkongho, Eric Lambin
Global Environmental Change , 2017

Oil palm production expanded 1.2 million hectares in sub-Saharan Africa since 1990, with expansion accelerating in several heavily forested countries since 2000.

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Journal Articles

Climate Engineering Reconsidered

Scott Barrett, Timothy M. Lenton, Antony Millner, Stephen Carpenter, John M. Anderies, F. Stuart Chapin III, Anne-Sophie Crepin, Paul Ehrlich, Carl Folke, Victor Galaz, Terry Hughes, Nils Kautsky, Eric Lambin, Rosamond L. Naylor, Karine Nyborg, Stephen Polasky, Marten Scheffer, James Wilen, Anastasios Xepapadeas, Aart de Zeeuw
Nature Climate Change , 2014

Stratospheric injection of sulphate aerosols has been advocated as an emergency geoengineering measure to tackle dangerous climate change, or as a stop-gap until atmospheric carbon dioxide levels are reduced. But it may not prove to be the game-changer that some imagine.

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Journal Articles

Estimating the world's potentially available cropland using a bottom-up approach

Eric Lambin
Global Environmental Change , 2013

Previous estimates of the land area available for future cropland expansion relied on global-scale climate, soil and terrain data. They did not include a range of constraints and tradeoffs associated with land conversion. As a result, estimates of the global land reserve have been high. Here we adjust these estimates for the aforementioned constraints and tradeoffs.

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Journal Articles

The nature and causes of the global water crisis: Syndromes from a meta-analysis of coupled human-water studies

V. Srinivasan, Eric Lambin, S.M. Gorelick, Barton H. Thompson, Scott Rozelle
Water Resources Research , 2012

Freshwater scarcity has been cited as the major crisis of the 21st century, but it is surprisingly hard to describe the nature of the global water crisis. We conducted a meta- analysis of 22 coupled humanwater system case studies, using qualitative comparison analysis (QCA) to identify water resource system outcomes and the factors that drive them.

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Journal Articles

Land institutions and supply chain configurations as determinants of soybean planted area and yields in Brazil

Rachael Garrett, Eric Lambin, Rosamond Naylor
Land Use Policy , 2012

Soybean production has become a significant force for economic development in Brazil. It has also received considerable attention from environmental and social non-governmental organizations as a driver of deforestation and land consolidation. While many researchers have examined the impacts of soybean production on human and environmental landscapes, there has been little investigation into the economic and institutional context of Brazilian soybean production or the relationship between soy yields and planted area.

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