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Peter Vitousek
Journal Articles

Producing more grain with lower environmental costs

Xinping Chen, Zhenling Cui, Mingshen Fan, Peter Vitousek, Ming Zhao, Wenqi Ma, Zhenlin Wang, Weijian Zhang, Xiaoyuan Yan, Jianchang Yang, Xiping Deng, Qiang Gao, Qiang Zhang, Shiwei Guo, Jun Ren, Shiqing Li, Youliang Ye, Zhaohui Wang, Jianliang Huang, Qiyuan Tang, Yixiang Sun, Xianlong Peng, Jiwang Zhang, Mingrong He, Yunji Zhu, Jiquan Xue, Guiliang Wang, Liang Wu, Ning An, Liangquan Wu, Lin Ma, Weifeng Zhang, Fusuo Zhang
Nature, 2014 October 23, 2014

Agriculture faces great challenges to ensure global food security by increasing yields while reducing environmental costs. Here we address this challenge by conducting a total of 153 site-year field experiments covering the main agro-ecological areas for rice, wheat and maize production in China.

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Journal Articles

Agriculture in Brazil: Impacts, Costs, and Opportunities for a Sustainable Future

Luiz Martinelli, Rosamond L. Naylor, Peter Vitousek, Paulo Moutinho
Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, 2010 December 1, 2010

Brazil has developed a large-scale commercial agricultural system, recognized worldwide for its role in domestic economic growth and expanding exports. However, the success of this sector has been associated with widespread destruction of Brazilian ecosystems, especially the Cerrado and the Brazilian Amazon rainforest, as well as environmental degradation. Brazil's agricultural development has also led to land consolidation, aggravating a historical land distribution inequality.

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Journal Articles

Nutrient Imbalances in Agricultural Development

Peter Vitousek, Rosamond Naylor, et al
Science, 2009 June 19, 2009

Nutrient cycles link agricultural systems to their societies and surroundings; inputs of nitrogen and phosphorus in particular are essential for high crop yields, but downstream and downwind losses of these same nutrients diminish environmental quality and human well-being. Agricultural nutrient balances differ substantially with economic development, from inputs that are inadequate to maintain soil fertility in parts of many developing countries, particularly those of sub-Saharan Africa, to excessive and environmentally damaging surpluses in many developed and rapidly growing economies.

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Journal Articles

Business Strategies for Conservation on Private Lands: Koa Forestry as a Case Study

Josh Goldstein, James B. Friday, Pamela Matson, Rosamond L. Naylor, Peter Vitousek
Proceedings for the National Academy of Sciences, 2006 June 27, 2006

Innovative financial instruments are being created to reward conservation on private, working lands. Major design challenges remain, however, to make investments in biodiversity and ecosystem services economically attractive and commonplace. From a business perspective, three key financial barriers for advancing conservation land uses must frequently be addressed: high up-front costs, long time periods with no revenue, and high project risk due to long time horizons and uncertainty.

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