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Scott Rozelle
Books

The Role of Agriculture in China's Development: Performance, policy determinants of success, and lessons for Africa

Jikun Huang, Scott Rozelle
Center on Food Security and the Environment, Stanford University, 2013 April 17, 2013

The lost decades for China in the 1950s, 1960s and 1970s look remarkably like the lost decades of Africa in the 1980s and 1990s. Poor land rights, weak incentives, incomplete markets and inappropriate investment portfolios. However, China burst out of its stagnation in the 1980s and has enjoyed three decades of remarkable growth. In this paper we examine the record of the development of China’s food economy and identify the policies that helped generate the growth and transformation of agriculture.

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Journal Articles

The nature and causes of the global water crisis: Syndromes from a meta-analysis of coupled human-water studies

V. Srinivasan, Eric Lambin, S.M. Gorelick, Barton H. Thompson, Scott Rozelle
Water Resources Research, 2012 October 5, 2012

Freshwater scarcity has been cited as the major crisis of the 21st century, but it is surprisingly hard to describe the nature of the global water crisis. We conducted a meta- analysis of 22 coupled humanwater system case studies, using qualitative comparison analysis (QCA) to identify water resource system outcomes and the factors that drive them.

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Journal Articles

Impacts of El Nino-Southern Oscillation events on China's rice production

Deng Xiangzheng, Huang Jikun, Qiao Fangbin, Rosamond L. Naylor, Walter P. Falcon, Marshall Burke, Scott Rozelle, David Battisti
Journal of Geographcial Sciences, 2010 December 31, 2010

This paper aims to demonstrate the relationships between ENSO and rice production of Jiangxi province in order to identify the reason that ENSO might have little effect on Chinese rice production. Using a data set with measures of Jiangxi's climate and rice production, we find the reason that during 1985 and 2004 ENSO's well correlated with rainfall did not promote Chinese rice production. First, the largest effects of ENSO mostly occur in the months when there is no rice in the field. Second, there is almost no temperature effect.

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Policy Briefs

Results summary from NSF-funded project - Impacts of El Nino-Southern Oscillation Events (ENSO) on Chinese Rice Prouduction and the World Rice Market

Rosamond L. Naylor, Walter P. Falcon, David S. Battisti, Richard Palmer, Scott Rozelle, Xiangzheng Deng, Jikun Huang, Marshall Burke
Center on Food Security and the Environment, Stanford University, 2010 August 1, 2010
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Policy Briefs

Climate Change and China's Agricultural Sector: Impacts, Adaptation, and Mitigation

Jinxia Wang, Jikun Huang, Scott Rozelle
International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development and the International Food and Agricultural Trade Policy Council, 2010 May 1, 2010

Although China and the United States are the two largest emitters of greenhouse gases, China’s emissions on a per capita basis are significantly lower than those of the U.S.: in 2005, per capita emissions in China were 5.5 metric tons—much less than the U.S. (23.5 metric tons per capita), and also lower than the world average of 7.03 metric tons. China’s total GHG emissions were 7,234.3 million tons of CO2 equivalent (tCO2e) in 2005, 15.4 percent of which came from the agricultural sector. By comparison, total U.S.

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Journal Articles

Development of Groundwater Markets in China: A Glimpse into Progress to Date

Lijuan Zhang, Jinxia Wang, Jikun Huang, Scott Rozelle
World Development, 2008 December 31, 2008

The overall goal of the paper is to better understand the development of groundwater markets in northern China. Field survey shows that groundwater markets in northern China have emerged and are developing rapidly. Developing in a number of ways that make them appear somewhat similar to markets that are found in South Asia, groundwater markets in northern China also differ by the impersonality and case bases. The privatization of tubewells is one of the most important driving factors encouraging the development of groundwater markets.

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Journal Articles

Genetically modified rice, yields, and pesticides: Assessing farm-level productivity effects in China

Jikun Huang, Ruifa Hu, Scott Rozelle, Carl Pray
Economic Development and Cultural Change, 2008 December 31, 2008
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Policy Briefs

Executive Summary of the Rice Economy of China - Tables and Figures

Scott Rozelle, Jikun Huang, Dan Sumner, Hyunok Lee
, 2007 December 31, 2007
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Journal Articles

The Ripple Effect: Biofuels, Food Security, and the Environment

Rosamond L. Naylor, Adam Liska, Marshall Burke, Walter P. Falcon, Joanne Gaskell, Scott Rozelle, Kenneth Cassman
Environment, 2007 November 1, 2007

The integration of the agricultural and energy sectors caused by rapid growth in the biofuels market signals a new era in food policy and sustainable development. For the first time in decades, agricultural commodity markets could experience a sustained increase in prices, breaking the long-term price decline that has benefited food consumers worldwide. Whether this transition occurs, and how it will affect global hunger and poverty, remain to be seen. Will food markets begin to track the volatile energy market in terms of price and availability?

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Journal Articles

Enhancing productivity on suburban dairy farms in China

Hengyun Ma, Allan Rae, Jikun Huang, Scott Rozelle
Agricultural Economics, 2007 July 1, 2007
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Working Papers

Project Timeline: Program for the Study of Biofuels, Poverty and Food Security

Jikun Huang, Mark Rosengrant, Scott Rozelle, Rosamond L. Naylor, Walter P. Falcon, David Victor, Kenneth Cassman
, 2007 February 1, 2007

A concept note about setting up an international program for studying the effects of the emergence of biofuels on global poverty and food security. 

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Journal Articles

Rise of Self-employment in China, The: Development or Distress?

Sandeep Mohapatra, Scott Rozelle, Rachael Goodhue
World Development, 2007 January 1, 2007

This paper evaluates the role of self-employment in China's rural economy, while paying attention to whether the rise of self-employment promotes entrepreneurship and is a sign of development, or whether it is a stopover for disadvantaged workers and a sign of distress. Using data on 20-year labor market histories of a nationally representative sample of individuals, we provide descriptive evidence that self-employment in rural China, unlike in some other places, is a sign of development.

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Policy Briefs

Smallholders and High Value Commodities in China

Scott Rozelle, Jikun Huang, Xiaoxia Dong, Yuhua Wu, Zhurong Haung, Xainfang Nui, Huayong Zhi
, 2006 October 28, 2006

In this report, we seek to meet the specific objectives of the first phase of China's study. The key goal of this study in China is to prepare evidence-based policy advice concerning the implications and opportunities for fruit producers during a period of a boom in horticulture demand and a restructuring of downstream markets and commercialization. Hence, the research in Phase 1 concentrates on identifying the determinants and consequences of restructuring of the horticulture sector in China.

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Journal Articles

Cultivated Land Conversion and Potential Agricultural Productivity in China

Xiangzheng Deng, Jikun Huang, Scott Rozelle, Emi Uchida
Land Use Policy, 2006 October 1, 2006

In China there is a growing debate on the role of cultivated land conversion on food security. This paper uses satellite images to examine the changes of the area of cultivated land and its potential agricultural productivity in China. We find that between 1986 and 2000 China recorded a net increase of cultivated land (+1.9%), which almost offset the decrease in average potential productivity, or bioproductivity (±2.2%). Therefore, we conclude that conversion of cultivated land has not hurt China's national food security.

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Working Papers

Producing and Procuring Horticultural Crops with Chinese Characteristics: A Case Study in the Greater Beijing Area

Scott Rozelle, Honglin Wang, Xiaoxia Dong, Jikun Wang, Thomas Reardon
, 2006 October 1, 2006

The supermarket revolution has arrived in China and is spreading as fast as or faster than anywhere in the world. As the demand for vegetables, fruit, nuts and other high valued products has risen, urban retailers are handling increasingly more of these high value commodities. The experience of many developing countries suggests that there could be serious distributional impacts of the emergence of supermarkets. And, in

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Journal Articles

Irrigation, agricultural performance, and poverty reduction in China

Qiuqiong Huang, Scott Rozelle, Bryan Lohmar, Jikun Huang
Food Policy, 2006 February 1, 2006
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Journal Articles

Insect-Resistantc GM rice in Farmers' Fields: Assessing Productivity and Health Affects in China

Jikun Huang, Ruifa Hu, Scott Rozelle, Carl Pray
Science, 2005 April 29, 2005

Although no country to date has released a major genetically modified (GM) food grain crop, China is on the threshold of commercializing GM rice. This paper studies two of the four GM varieties that are now in farm-level pre-production trials, the last step before commercialization.

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Journal Articles

Success and Failure of Reform: Insights from the Transition of Agriculture

Scott Rozelle, Johan Swinnen
Journal of Economic Literature, 2004 June 1, 2004

The paper analyzes the linkages between the reform strategies in transition countries and economic performance. We focus on agriculture because of the sharpness of the policy changes, fundamental differences among countries, and relative simplicity of agricultural relationships. We document post reform performance in the transition countries of Asia and Europe.

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Journal Articles

Enhancing the crops to feed the poor

Jikun Huang, Carl Pray, Scott Rozelle
Nature, 2002 August 8, 2002

Solutions to the problem of how the developing world will meet its future food needs are broader than producing more food, although the successes of the 'Green Revolution' demonstrate the importance of technology in generating the growth in food output in the past. Despite these successes, the world still faces continuing vulnerability to food shortages.

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Journal Articles

Plant Biotechnology in China

Jikun Huang, Scott Rozelle, Carl Pray, Qinfang Wang
Science, 2002 January 25, 2002

A survey of China's plant biotechnologies shows that China is developing the largest plant biotechnology capacity outside of North America. The list of genetically modified plant technologies in trials, including rice, wheat, potatoes, and peanuts, is impressive and differs from those being worked on in other countries. Poor farmers in China are cultivating more area of genetically modified plants than are small farmers in any other developing country.

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Policy Briefs

Executive Summary of the Rice Economy of China

Scott Rozelle, Jikun Huang, Dan Sumner, Hyunok Lee
, 2001 August 31, 2001

China is by far the largest rice producer and consumer in the world. The magnitude of the rice market in China is hard to exaggerate and the potential role of China in the global rice system is immense. Approximately one-third of all the rice in the world is produced and consumed in China. Given its size we would expect the market for rice in China to be complex. However, the absolute and relative size of the China market for rice does not fully capture the complexity. In a real sense, several markets for rice coexist

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