Sub-Saharan Africa

Recent Scholarly Publications

Records 24 / 56

Dust pollution from the Sahara and African infant mortality

June 2020

Estimation of pollution impacts on health is critical for guiding policy to improve health outcomes.

Productivity Dispersion and Persistence Among the World's Most Numerous Firms

April 2020

Marshall Burke and fellow researchers study productivity in smallholder farms to understand variation across the adbundant but understudied firms.

Habitat fragmentation, livelihood behaviors, and contact between people and nonhuman primates in Africa

April 2020

Deforestation and landscape fragmentation have been identified as processes enabling direct transmission of zoonotic infections.

On the role of anthropogenic climate change in the emerging food crisis in southern Africa in the 2019–2020 growing season

February 2020

Researchers including David Lobell analyze how human-caused climate change has impacted a water defecit in Southern Africa and might contribute to a rising food security crisis in the region.

Sight for Sorghums: Comparisons of Satellite- and Ground-Based Sorghum Yield Estimates in Mali

December 2019

The advent of multiple satellite systems capable of resolving smallholder agricultural plots raises possibilities for significant advances in measuring and understanding agricultural productivity...

Model vs. experiment to predict crop losses—Response

December 2018

Our Report draws attention to a complex but understudied issue: How will climate warming alter losses of major food crops to insect pests?

Increase in crop losses to insect pests in a warming climate

August 2018

Crop responses to climate warming suggest that yields will decrease as growing-season temperatures increase.

Armed conflict and child mortality in Africa: a geospatial analysis

August 2018

The extent to which armed conflicts—events such as civil wars, rebellions, and interstate conflicts—are an important driver of child mortality is unclear.

The paradox of irrigation efficiency

August 2018

Reconciling higher freshwater demands with finite freshwater resources remains one of the great policy dilemmas.

Anticipated burden and mitigation of carbon-dioxide-induced nutritional deficiencies and related diseases: A simulation modeling study

July 2018

Rising atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations are anticipated to decrease the zinc and iron concentrations of crops.

Robust relationship between air quality and infant mortality in Africa

June 2018

Poor air quality is thought to be an important mortality risk factor globally1,2,3, but there is little direct evidence from the developing world on how mortality risk varies with changing exposure...

Future warming increases probability of globally synchronized maize production shocks

June 2018

Climate-induced shocks in grain production are a major contributor to global market volatility, which creates uncertainty for cereal farmers and agribusiness and reduces food access for poor...

Large potential reduction in economic damages under UN mitigation targets

May 2018

International climate change agreements typically specify global warming thresholds as policy targets, but the relative economic benefits of achieving these temperature targets remain poorly...

Unprecedented rates of land-use transformation in modelled climate change mitigation pathways

May 2018

Integrated assessment models generate climate change mitigation scenarios consistent with global temperature targets.

Differences, or lack thereof, in wheat and maize yields under three low-warming scenarios

March 2018

The availability of climate model experiments under three alternative scenarios stabilizing at warming targets inspired by the COP21 agreements (a 1.5 ºC not exceed, a 1.5 ºC with overshoot and a 2...

The Elusive Goal of Global Food Security

February 2018

Ending world hunger is a universal goal, yet progress and social awareness of the issue waxes and wanes in the course of broader political and economic developments.

Feed conversion efficiency in aquaculture: do we measure it correctly?

February 2018

Globally, demand for food animal products is rising.

Historical effects of CO2 and climate trends on global crop water demand

November 2017

A critical question for agricultural production and food security is how water demand for staple crops will respond to climate and carbon dioxide (CO2) changes1, especially in light of the expected...

Towards fine resolution global maps of crop yields: Testing multiple methods and satellites in three countries

May 2017

One of the greatest challenges in monitoring food security is to provide reliable crop yield information that is temporally consistent and spatially scalable.

Using remotely sensed temperature to estimate climate response functions

January 2017

Temperature data are commonly used to estimate the sensitivity of many societally relevant outcomes, including crop yields, mortality, and economic output, to ongoing climate changes.

The Tropical Oil Crop Revolution: Food, Feed, Fuel, and Forests

November 2016

Over the last two decades global production of soybean and palm oil seeds have increased enormously.

Sources of variation in under-5 mortality across sub-Saharan Africa: a spatial analysis

October 2016

The ongoing decline in under-5 mortality ranks among the most significant public and population health successes of the past 30 years.

Combining satellite imagery and machine learning to predict poverty

August 2016

Policy-makers in the world's poorest countries are often forced to make decisions based on limited data. Consider Angola, which recently conducted its first postcolonial census.

What aspects of future rainfall changes matter for crop yields in West Africa?

September 2015

Abstract: How rainfall arrives, in terms of its frequency, intensity and the timing and duration of rainy season, may have a large influence on rainfed agriculture.

People

sam heft neal Sam Heft-Neal Research Scholar, Center on Food Security and the Environment, Stanford Department of Earth System Science
thorlakson picture formatted Tannis Thorlakson Ph.D. student, Emmett Interdisciplinary Program in Environment and Resources
elsa ordway Elsa Ordway PhD candidate, Earth System Science
burney1 Jennifer Burney Affiliated scholar
Barry Riley1 Barry Riley Visiting Scholar
kmoiyoi Katrina ole-MoiYoi Affiliated scholar