The Americas

Recent Scholarly Publications

Records 24 / 81

Model vs. experiment to predict crop losses—Response

December 2018

Our Report draws attention to a complex but understudied issue: How will climate warming alter losses of major food crops to insect pests?

Increase in crop losses to insect pests in a warming climate

August 2018

Crop responses to climate warming suggest that yields will decrease as growing-season temperatures increase.

The paradox of irrigation efficiency

August 2018

Reconciling higher freshwater demands with finite freshwater resources remains one of the great policy dilemmas.

Anticipated burden and mitigation of carbon-dioxide-induced nutritional deficiencies and related diseases: A simulation modeling study

July 2018

Rising atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations are anticipated to decrease the zinc and iron concentrations of crops.

Future warming increases probability of globally synchronized maize production shocks

June 2018

Climate-induced shocks in grain production are a major contributor to global market volatility, which creates uncertainty for cereal farmers and agribusiness and reduces food access for poor...

Large potential reduction in economic damages under UN mitigation targets

May 2018

International climate change agreements typically specify global warming thresholds as policy targets, but the relative economic benefits of achieving these temperature targets remain poorly...

Unprecedented rates of land-use transformation in modelled climate change mitigation pathways

May 2018

Integrated assessment models generate climate change mitigation scenarios consistent with global temperature targets.

Differences, or lack thereof, in wheat and maize yields under three low-warming scenarios

March 2018

The availability of climate model experiments under three alternative scenarios stabilizing at warming targets inspired by the COP21 agreements (a 1.5 ºC not exceed, a 1.5 ºC with overshoot and a 2...

The Elusive Goal of Global Food Security

February 2018

Ending world hunger is a universal goal, yet progress and social awareness of the issue waxes and wanes in the course of broader political and economic developments.

Feed conversion efficiency in aquaculture: do we measure it correctly?

February 2018

Globally, demand for food animal products is rising.

Historical effects of CO2 and climate trends on global crop water demand

November 2017

A critical question for agricultural production and food security is how water demand for staple crops will respond to climate and carbon dioxide (CO2) changes1, especially in light of the expected...

Towards fine resolution global maps of crop yields: Testing multiple methods and satellites in three countries

May 2017

One of the greatest challenges in monitoring food security is to provide reliable crop yield information that is temporally consistent and spatially scalable.

Using remotely sensed temperature to estimate climate response functions

January 2017

Temperature data are commonly used to estimate the sensitivity of many societally relevant outcomes, including crop yields, mortality, and economic output, to ongoing climate changes.

The Tropical Oil Crop Revolution: Food, Feed, Fuel, and Forests

November 2016

Over the last two decades global production of soybean and palm oil seeds have increased enormously.

A global perspective on food systems

March 2015

Greater sensitivity to drought accompanies maize yield increase in the US Midwest

May 2014

A key question for climate change adaptation is whether existing cropping systems can become less sensitive to climate variations.

Global crop exposure to critical high temperatures in the reproductive period: historical trends and future projections

June 2013

Video abstract   Long-term warming trends across the globe have shifted the distribution of temperature variability, such that what was once classified as extreme heat relative to local mean...

Water and Agriculture in Africa: The politics of the belly or the politics of the mirror?

May 2013

The water and agriculture glass in Africa is half-empty: Africa has failed to develop its massive water resources and failed to achieve agricultural growth.

Latin America's Nitrogen Challenge

April 2013

Latin America (LA) has many social indicators similar to those of highly developed economies but most frequently falls midway between least developed countries and industrialized regions.

The critical role of extreme heat for maize production in the United States

March 2013

Statistical studies of rainfed maize yields in the United States and elsewhere have indicated two clear features: a strong negative yield response to accumulation of temperatures above 30 °C (or...

Simulated hydroclimatic impacts of projected Brazilian sugarcane expansion

March 2013

Sugarcane area is currently expanding in Brazil, largely in response to domestic and international demand for sugar-based ethanol.

Climate adaptation as mitigation: the case of agricultural investments

February 2013

Successful adaptation of agriculture to ongoing climate changes would help to maintain productivity growth and thereby reduce pressure to bring new lands into agriculture.

Land institutions and supply chain configurations as determinants of soybean planted area and yields in Brazil

October 2012

Soybean production has become a significant force for economic development in Brazil.

Field Notes from an Iowa Farm

October 2012

The American Midwest is suffering through the driest summer in decades, and Stanford economist Walter Falcon is watching the corn wither in his fields.

People

Rosamond L. Naylor Senior Fellow William Wrigley Professor of Earth System Science, Senior Fellow, Stanford Woods Institute and Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies, Professor, by courtesy, Economics, Senior Fellow and Founding Director, Center on Food Security and the Environment
Tannis Thorlakson Ph.D. student, Emmett Interdisciplinary Program in Environment and Resources
George Azzari Affiliated scholar
David S. Battisti Affiliated scholar
Rodrigo Pizarro Visiting Scholar
Vincent Tanutama Research Data Analyst, Center on Food Security and the Environment