Russia and Eurasia

Recent Publications

Records 48 / 433

Satellite mapping of tillage practices in the North Central US region from 2005 to 2016

December 2018

Low-intensity tillage has become more popular among farmers in the United States and many other regions.

Sustainable and Equitable Increases in Fruit and Vegetable Productivity and Consumption are Needed to Achieve Global Nutrition Security

November 2018

Increased intake of fruits and vegetables (F&V) is recommended for most populations across the globe.

A move beyond sustainability certification: The evolution of the chocolate industry's sustainable sourcing practices

September 2018

Companies' sustainable sourcing practices play an increasing role in addressing the social and environmental challenges in agricultural supply chains.

Increase in crop losses to insect pests in a warming climate

August 2018

Crop responses to climate warming suggest that yields will decrease as growing-season temperatures increase.

Armed conflict and child mortality in Africa: a geospatial analysis

August 2018

The extent to which armed conflicts—events such as civil wars, rebellions, and interstate conflicts—are an important driver of child mortality is unclear.

The paradox of irrigation efficiency

August 2018

Reconciling higher freshwater demands with finite freshwater resources remains one of the great policy dilemmas.

Estimating global agricultural effects of geoengineering using volcanic eruptions

August 2018

Solar radiation management is increasingly considered to be an option for managing global temperatures1,2, yet the economic effects of ameliorating climatic changes by scattering sunlight back to...

Higher temperatures increase suicide rates in the United States and Mexico

July 2018

Linkages between climate and mental health are often theorized, but remain poorly quantified.

Anticipated burden and mitigation of carbon-dioxide-induced nutritional deficiencies and related diseases: A simulation modeling study

July 2018

Rising atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations are anticipated to decrease the zinc and iron concentrations of crops.

Robust relationship between air quality and infant mortality in Africa

June 2018

Poor air quality is thought to be an important mortality risk factor globally1,2,3, but there is little direct evidence from the developing world on how mortality risk varies with changing exposure...

Hierarchical Modeling of Seed Variety Yields and Decision Making for Future Planting Plans

June 2018

Eradicating hunger and malnutrition is a key development goal of the twenty first century.

Deep Transfer Learning for Crop Yield Prediction with Remote Sensing Data

June 2018

Accurate prediction of crop yields in developing countries in advance of harvest time is central to preventing famine, improving food security, and sustainable development of agriculture.

The important but weakening maize yield benefit of grain filling prolongation in the US Midwest

June 2018

A better understanding of recent crop yield trends is necessary for improving the yield and maintaining food security.

Satellite detection of cover crops and their effects on crop yield in the Midwestern United States

June 2018

The practice of planting winter cover crops has seen renewed interest as a solution to environmental issues with the modern maize- and soybean-dominated row crop production system of the US Midwest...

Future warming increases probability of globally synchronized maize production shocks

June 2018

Climate-induced shocks in grain production are a major contributor to global market volatility, which creates uncertainty for cereal farmers and agribusiness and reduces food access for poor...

Large potential reduction in economic damages under UN mitigation targets

May 2018

International climate change agreements typically specify global warming thresholds as policy targets, but the relative economic benefits of achieving these temperature targets remain poorly...

The effects of intensive aquaculture on nutrient residence time and transport in a coastal embayment

May 2018

Aquaculture in many countries around the world has become the biggest source of seafood for human consumption.

Unprecedented rates of land-use transformation in modelled climate change mitigation pathways

May 2018

Integrated assessment models generate climate change mitigation scenarios consistent with global temperature targets.

Sell Low and Buy High: Arbitrage and Local Price Effects in Kenyan Markets

April 2018

Large and regular seasonal price fluctuations in local grain markets appear to offer African farmers substantial inter-temporal arbitrage opportunities, but these opportunities remain largely...

Differences, or lack thereof, in wheat and maize yields under three low-warming scenarios

March 2018

The availability of climate model experiments under three alternative scenarios stabilizing at warming targets inspired by the COP21 agreements (a 1.5 ºC not exceed, a 1.5 ºC with overshoot and a 2...

Eyes in the sky, boots on the ground : assessing satellite- and ground-based approaches to crop yield measurement and analysis in Uganda

March 2018

Crop yields in smallholder systems are traditionally assessed using farmer-reported information in surveys, occasionally by crop cuts for a sub-section of a farmer's plot, and rarely using full...

Assessing Hazard Vulnerability, Habitat Conservation and Restoration for the Enhancement of China’s Coastal Resilience

February 2018

Worldwide, humans are facing high risks from natural hazards, especially in coastal regions with high population densities.

The Elusive Goal of Global Food Security

February 2018

Ending world hunger is a universal goal, yet progress and social awareness of the issue waxes and wanes in the course of broader political and economic developments.

Feed conversion efficiency in aquaculture: do we measure it correctly?

February 2018

Globally, demand for food animal products is rising.

People

Elsa Ordway PhD candidate, Earth System Science
Christopher Seifert PhD student, Earth System Science
David S. Battisti Affiliated scholar
Dane Klinger Affiliated scholar
Ertharin Cousin Visiting Scholar, FSE Visiting Scholar, FSE
Rodrigo Pizarro Visiting Scholar
Johan Swinnen Affiliate
Ling Cao Affiliated scholar
Pamela Ronald Affiliated scholar
Jennifer Burney Affiliated scholar
Barry Riley Visiting Scholar