Energy

Energy

This image is having trouble loading!FSI researchers examine the role of energy sources from regulatory, economic and societal angles. The Program on Energy and Sustainable Development (PESD) investigates how the production and consumption of energy affect human welfare and environmental quality. Professors assess natural gas and coal markets, as well as the smart energy grid and how to create effective climate policy in an imperfect world. This includes how state-owned enterprises – like oil companies – affect energy markets around the world. Regulatory barriers are examined for understanding obstacles to lowering carbon in energy services. Realistic cap and trade policies in California are studied, as is the creation of a giant coal market in China.

Recent Publications

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Strengthened scientific support for the Endangerment Finding for atmospheric greenhouse gases

March 2019

We assess scientific evidence that has emerged since the U.S.

Large potential reduction in economic damages under UN mitigation targets

May 2018

International climate change agreements typically specify global warming thresholds as policy targets, but the relative economic benefits of achieving these temperature targets remain poorly...

The rise in global biodiesel production: Implications for food security

December 2017

Policies that promote biofuels in major agricultural economies raise important questions for food prices and food security at local to global scales.

Impact of a rural solar electrification project on the level and structure of women's empowerment

September 2017

Although development organizations agree that reliable access to energy and energy services—one of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals—is likely to have profound and perhaps disproportionate...

The political economy of biodiesel in an era of low oil prices

May 2017

Global biodiesel production grew by 23% per annum between 2005 and 2015, leading to a seven-fold expansion of the sector in a single decade.

Association Between Women’s Empowerment and Maternal and Child Nutrition in Kalale District of Northern Benin

April 2017

Women empowerment (WE) is increasingly viewed as an important strategy to reduce maternal and child undernutrition,1–3 which continues to be a major health burden in low- and middle-income...

The Tropical Oil Crop Revolution: Food, Feed, Fuel, and Forests

November 2016

Over the last two decades global production of soybean and palm oil seeds have increased enormously.

Colocation opportunities for large solar infrastructures and agriculture in drylands

March 2016

We explored the potential to colocate solar installations and agriculture.Water use at solar installations are similar to amounts required for desert plants.Co-located systems are economically...

The Evolving Sphere of Food Security

September 2014

The Evolving Sphere of Food Security seeks to answer two important questions: How do the priorities and challenges of achieving food security change over time as countries develop economically?

Frontiers in Food Policy: Perspectives on Sub-Saharan Africa

December 2013

Frontiers in Food Policy: Perspectives on sub-Saharan Africa is a compilation of research stemming from the Global Food Policy and Food Security Symposium Series, hosted by the Center on Food...

The case for distributed irrigation as a development priority in sub-Saharan Africa

July 2013

Distributed irrigation systems are those in which the water access (via pump or human power), distribution (via furrow, watering can, sprinkler, drip lines, etc.), and use all occur at or near the...

Water and Agriculture in Africa: The politics of the belly or the politics of the mirror?

May 2013

The water and agriculture glass in Africa is half-empty: Africa has failed to develop its massive water resources and failed to achieve agricultural growth.

The critical role of extreme heat for maize production in the United States

March 2013

Statistical studies of rainfed maize yields in the United States and elsewhere have indicated two clear features: a strong negative yield response to accumulation of temperatures above 30 °C (or...

Simulated hydroclimatic impacts of projected Brazilian sugarcane expansion

March 2013

Sugarcane area is currently expanding in Brazil, largely in response to domestic and international demand for sugar-based ethanol.

Evaluating the Contribution of Weather to Maize and Wheat Yield Trends in 12 U.S. Counties

December 2012

Evaluating the contribution of weather and its individual components to recent yield trends can be useful to predict the response of crop production to future climate change, but different modeling...

Freshwater availability and water fetching distance affect child health in sub-Saharan Africa

December 2012

Currently, more than two-thirds of the population in Africa must leave their home to fetch water for drinking and domestic use.

The nature and causes of the global water crisis: Syndromes from a meta-analysis of coupled human-water studies

October 2012

Freshwater scarcity has been cited as the major crisis of the 21st century, but it is surprisingly hard to describe the nature of the global water crisis.

Land institutions and supply chain configurations as determinants of soybean planted area and yields in Brazil

October 2012

Soybean production has become a significant force for economic development in Brazil.

Redefining Security Along the Food-Health Nexus: report of a conference and center launch held at Stanford University on November 10, 2011

March 2012

For most scholars the concept of security encompasses issues of state legitimacy, economic and political sovereignty, and protection from military, nuclear, or terrorist assault.

Smallholder irrigation as a poverty alleviation tool in sub-Saharan Africa

November 2011

Promotion of smallholder irrigation is cited as a strategy for enhancing income generation and food security for sub-Saharan Africa’s poor farmers, but what makes this technology a successful...

Skills and occupational needs in renewable energy

November 2011

The Global Costs of American Ethanol

October 2011

World leaders are focused on agricultural supply data, insurance schemes and speculation as they try to quell volatility in global food markets.

Sugar and Ethanol Production as a Rural Development Strategy in Brazil: Evidence from the State of São Paulo

June 2011

Sugar and ethanol production are key components of Brazil's rural development and energy strategies, yet in recent years sugar production has been widely criticized for its environmental and labor...

Expanding the Boundaries of Agricultural Development

April 2011

The challenges of reducing global hunger and poverty are different today than they were 30 years ago.

People

Rosamond L. Naylor Senior Fellow William Wrigley Professor of Earth System Science, Senior Fellow, Stanford Woods Institute and Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies, Professor, by courtesy, Economics, Senior Fellow and Founding Director, Center on Food Security and the Environment
Pamela Matson Chester Naramore Dean of the School of Earth, Energy and Environmental Sciences, Richard and Rhoda Goldman Professor of Environmental Studies, Senior Fellow at the Woods Institute for the Environment, FSE Affiliated Faculty Professor, Earth Sciences, Senior Fellow, Stanford Woods Institute
Wolfram Schlenker Visiting Scholar