Science and Technology

Recent Publications

Records 48 / 80

Green Revolution: Impacts, limits, and the path ahead

July 2012

Reprinted with full permission from the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Cimate Change and Agricultural Adaptation

December 2011

This paper was prepared for Stanford University’s Global Food Policy and Food Security Symposium Series, hosted by the Center on Food Security and the Environment, and supported by the Bill and...

Smallholder irrigation as a poverty alleviation tool in sub-Saharan Africa

November 2011

Promotion of smallholder irrigation is cited as a strategy for enhancing income generation and food security for sub-Saharan Africa’s poor farmers, but what makes this technology a successful...

African Agricultural Productivity Growth and R&D in a Global Setting

October 2011

This paper was prepared for Stanford University’s Global Food Policy and Food Security Symposium Series, hosted by the Center on Food Security and the Environment, and supported by the Bill and...

Climate Trends and Global Crop Production Since 1980

May 2011

Efforts to anticipate how climate change will affect future food availability can benefit from understanding the impacts of changes to date.

Expanding the Boundaries of Agricultural Development

April 2011

The challenges of reducing global hunger and poverty are different today than they were 30 years ago.

Brazilian Law: Full Speed in Reverse?

July 2010

Is it possible to combine modern tropical agriculture with environmental conservation?

Climate Change and China's Agricultural Sector: Impacts, Adaptation, and Mitigation

May 2010

Although China and the United States are the two largest emitters of greenhouse gases, China’s emissions on a per capita basis are significantly lower than those of the U.S.: in 2005, per capita...

The future of science news

April 2010

Solar-powered Drip Irrigation Enhances Food Security in the Sudano-Sahel

January 2010

Meeting the food needs of Africa's growing population over the next half-century will require technologies that significantly improve rural livelihoods at minimal environmental cost.

Greater Transportation Energy and GHG Offsets from Bioelectricity Than Ethanol

December 2009

Historical Warnings of Future Food Insecurity with Unprecedented Seasonal Heat

December 2009

Higher growing season temperatures can have dramatic impacts on agricultural productivity, farm incomes, and food security.

Climate Extremes and Crop Adaptation

June 2009

In June 2009, a group of experts in climate science, crop modeling, and crop development gathered at Stanford University to discuss the major needs for successful crop adaptation to climate change....

Nutrient Imbalances in Agricultural Development

June 2009

Nutrient cycles link agricultural systems to their societies and surroundings; inputs of nitrogen and phosphorus in particular are essential for high crop yields, but downstream and downwind losses...

Climatic Effects of 30 Years of Landscape Change over the Greater Phoenix, Arizona Region: 2. Dynamical and Thermodynamical Response

March 2009

This paper is part 2 of a two-part study evaluating the climatic effect of one of the nation's most rapidly expanding metropolitan complexes, the Greater Phoenix, Arizona, region.

Carbon Payback Times for Crop-based Biofuel Expansion in the Tropics: The Effects of Changing Yield and Technology

December 2008

Biofuels from land-rich tropical countries may help displace foreign petroleum imports for many industrialized nations, providing a possible solution to the twin challenges of energy security and...

Rural changes stimulate rising giants

December 2008

The Global Potential of Bioenergy on Abandoned Agricultural Lands

December 2008

Converting forest lands into bioenergy agriculture could accelerate climate change by emitting carbon stored in forests, while converting food agriculture lands into bioenergy agriculture could...

Estimation of the carbon dioxide (CO2) fertilization effect using growth rate anomalies of CO2 and crop yields since 1961

December 2008

The effect of elevated carbon dioxide (CO2) on crop yields is one of the most uncertain and influential parameters in models used to assess climate change impacts and adaptations.

Prioritizing Climate Change Adaptation Needs for Food Security in 2030

December 2008

Investments aimed at improving agricultural adaptation to climate change will inevitably favor some crops and regions over others.

Sustainable Biofuels Redux

October 2008

Last May's passage of the 2008 Farm Bill raises the stakes for biofuel sustainability:A substantial subsidy for the production of cellulosic ethanol starts the United States again down a path with...

Our Daily Bread: Without public investment, the food crisis will only get worse

September 2008

During the eighteen months after January 2007, cereal prices doubled, setting off a world food crisis. In the United States, rising food prices have been a pocketbook annoyance.

Amazonia Revealed: Forest Degradation and Loss of Ecosystem Goods and Services in the Amazon Basin

February 2007

The Amazon Basin is one of the world's most important bioregions, harboring a rich array of plant and animal species and offering a wealth of goods and services to society.