Health and Medicine

Health and Medicine

FSI’s researchers assess health and medicine through the lenses of economics, nutrition and politics. They’re studying and influencing public health policies of local and national governments and the roles that corporations and nongovernmental organizations play in providing health care around the world. Scholars look at how governance affects citizens’ health, how children’s health care access affects the aging process and how to improve children’s health in Guatemala and rural China. They want to know what it will take for people to cook more safely and breathe more easily in developing countries.

FSI professors investigate how lifestyles affect health. What good does gardening do for older Americans? What are the benefits of eating organic food or growing genetically modified rice in China? They study cost-effectiveness by examining programs like those aimed at preventing the spread of tuberculosis in Russian prisons. Policies that impact obesity and undernutrition are examined; as are the public health implications of limiting salt in processed foods and the role of smoking among men who work in Chinese factories. FSI health research looks at sweeping domestic policies like the Affordable Care Act and the role of foreign aid in affecting the price of HIV drugs in Africa.

Recent Scholarly Publications

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The Changing Risk and Burden of Wildfire in the US

June 2020

Recent dramatic and deadly increases in global wildfire activity have increased attention on the causes of wildfires, their consequences, and how risk from fire might be mitigated.

Habitat fragmentation, livelihood behaviors, and contact between people and nonhuman primates in Africa

April 2020

Deforestation and landscape fragmentation have been identified as processes enabling direct transmission of zoonotic infections.

The downstream air pollution impacts of the transition from coal to natural gas in the United States

January 2020

The recent shift in the United States from coal to natural gas as a primary feedstock for the production of electric power has reduced the intensity of sectoral carbon dioxide emissions, but—due to...

Causes of Indonesia’s forest fires

November 2019

The economic costs of Indonesia’s 2015 forest fires are estimated to exceed US $16 billion, with more than 100,000 premature deaths.

Armed conflict and child mortality in Africa: a geospatial analysis

August 2018

The extent to which armed conflicts—events such as civil wars, rebellions, and interstate conflicts—are an important driver of child mortality is unclear.

Higher temperatures increase suicide rates in the United States and Mexico

July 2018

Linkages between climate and mental health are often theorized, but remain poorly quantified.

Association Between Women’s Empowerment and Maternal and Child Nutrition in Kalale District of Northern Benin

April 2017

Women empowerment (WE) is increasingly viewed as an important strategy to reduce maternal and child undernutrition,1–3 which continues to be a major health burden in low- and middle-income...

Sources of variation in under-5 mortality across sub-Saharan Africa: a spatial analysis

October 2016

The ongoing decline in under-5 mortality ranks among the most significant public and population health successes of the past 30 years.

The Evolving Sphere of Food Security

September 2014

The Evolving Sphere of Food Security seeks to answer two important questions: How do the priorities and challenges of achieving food security change over time as countries develop economically?

Frontiers in Food Policy: Perspectives on Sub-Saharan Africa

December 2013

Frontiers in Food Policy: Perspectives on sub-Saharan Africa is a compilation of research stemming from the Global Food Policy and Food Security Symposium Series, hosted by the Center on Food...

The case for distributed irrigation as a development priority in sub-Saharan Africa

July 2013

Distributed irrigation systems are those in which the water access (via pump or human power), distribution (via furrow, watering can, sprinkler, drip lines, etc.), and use all occur at or near the...

Freshwater availability and water fetching distance affect child health in sub-Saharan Africa

December 2012

Currently, more than two-thirds of the population in Africa must leave their home to fetch water for drinking and domestic use.

Discussant comments on “Food systems and human health and nutrition: An economic policy perspective with a focus on Africa”

October 2012

Eran Bendavid, Assistant Professor of Medicine at Stanford University provides commentary on nutrition and food policy expert Per Pinstrup-Andersen's presentation and paper on "Food systems and...

Green Revolution: Impacts, limits, and the path ahead

July 2012

Reprinted with full permission from the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

India 1960-2010: Structural change, the rural non-farm sector, and the prospects for agriculture

May 2012

This paper looks at past and likely future agricultural growth and rural poverty reduction in the context of the overall Indian economy.

Redefining Security Along the Food-Health Nexus: report of a conference and center launch held at Stanford University on November 10, 2011

March 2012

For most scholars the concept of security encompasses issues of state legitimacy, economic and political sovereignty, and protection from military, nuclear, or terrorist assault.

Smallholder irrigation as a poverty alleviation tool in sub-Saharan Africa

November 2011

Promotion of smallholder irrigation is cited as a strategy for enhancing income generation and food security for sub-Saharan Africa’s poor farmers, but what makes this technology a successful...

Assisting the escape from persistent ultra-poverty in rural Africa

April 2011

This paper was prepared for Stanford University’s Global Food Policy and Food Security Symposium Series, hosted by the Center on Food Security and the Environment, and supported by the Bill and...

Expanding the Boundaries of Agricultural Development

April 2011

The challenges of reducing global hunger and poverty are different today than they were 30 years ago.

Solar-powered Drip Irrigation Enhances Food Security in the Sudano-Sahel

January 2010

Meeting the food needs of Africa's growing population over the next half-century will require technologies that significantly improve rural livelihoods at minimal environmental cost.

Disease Emergence from Global Climate and Land Use Change

November 2008

Climate change and land use change can affect multiple infectious diseases of humans, acting either independently or synergistically.

Our Daily Bread: Without public investment, the food crisis will only get worse

September 2008

During the eighteen months after January 2007, cereal prices doubled, setting off a world food crisis. In the United States, rising food prices have been a pocketbook annoyance.

Health Impact Assessment of Global Climate Change: Expanding upon Comparative Risk Assessment Approaches for Policy Making

April 2008

Climate change is projected to have adverse impacts on public health. Cobenefits may be possible from more upstream mitigation of greenhouse gases causing climate change.

Climate Change and Global Health: Quantifying a Growing Ethical Crisis

November 2007

Climate change, as an environmental hazard operating at the global scale, poses a unique and "involuntary exposure" to many societies, and therefore represents possibly the largest health inequity...

People

scott rozelle new headshot Scott Rozelle Senior Fellow, Helen F. Farnsworth Endowed Professorship
Roz low res 9 11 cropped Rosamond L. Naylor Senior Fellow William Wrigley Professor of Earth System Science, Senior Fellow, Stanford Woods Institute and Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies, Professor, by courtesy, Economics, Senior Fellow and Founding Director, Center on Food Security and the Environment
sam heft neal Sam Heft-Neal Research scholar, Center on Food Security and the Environment, Stanford Department of Earth System Science Research scholar, Center on Food Security and the Environment
yzhao Yi Zhao PhD student, Earth System Science
ertharin cousin edwfp 6 Ertharin Cousin Visiting Scholar, FSE Visiting Scholar, FSE