Security

Security

FSI scholars produce research aimed at creating a safer world and examing the consequences of security policies on institutions and society. They look at longstanding issues including nuclear nonproliferation and the conflicts between countries like North and South Korea. But their research also examines new and emerging areas that transcend traditional borders – the drug war in Mexico and expanding terrorism networks. FSI researchers look at the changing methods of warfare with a focus on biosecurity and nuclear risk. They tackle cybersecurity with an eye toward privacy concerns and explore the value of new actors like hackers.

Along with the changing face of conflict, terrorism and crime, FSI researchers study food security. They tackle the global problems of hunger, poverty and environmental degradation by generating knowledge and policy-relevant solutions. An interdisciplinary team of scholars accomplishes this mission through teaching and honing a research portfolio focused on agriculture, aquaculture, and climate change.

Recent Publications

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The impact of agricultural interventions can be doubled by using satellite data

October 2019

Feeding a growing population while reducing negative environmental impacts is one of the greatest challenges of the coming decades.

The role of irrigation in changing wheat yields and heat sensitivity in India

September 2019

Irrigation has been pivotal in wheat’s rise as a major crop in India and is likely to be increasingly important as an adaptation response to climate change.

Climatic Constraints on Aggregate Economic Output

May 2019

Efficient responses to climate change require accurate estimates of both aggregate damages and where and to whom they occur.

Integrating satellite and climate data to predict wheat yield in Australia using machine learning approaches

May 2019

Wheat is the most important staple crop grown in Australia, and Australia is one of the top wheat exporting countries globally.

Sustainable development of the palm oil sector in the Congo Basin

May 2019

Key messages:The Congo Basin is rich in biodiversity and stores an estimated 25%-30% of the worlds tropical forest carbon stocks.

Smallholder maize area and yield mapping at national scales with Google Earth Engine

May 2019

Accurate measurements of maize yields at field or subfield scales are useful for guiding agronomic practices and investments and policies for improving food security.

Water Use Efficiency as a Constraint and Target for Improving the Resilience and Productivity of C3 and C4 Crops

April 2019

The ratio of plant carbon gain to water use, known as water use efficiency (WUE), has long been recognized as a key constraint on crop production and an important target for crop improvement.

Global warming has increased global economic inequality

April 2019

Understanding the causes of economic inequality is critical for achieving equitable economic development.

Strengthened scientific support for the Endangerment Finding for atmospheric greenhouse gases

March 2019

We assess scientific evidence that has emerged since the U.S.

Mapping Missing Population in Rural India: A Deep Learning Approach with Satellite Imagery

February 2019

Millions of people worldwide are absent from their country’s census.

Satellite mapping of tillage practices in the North Central US region from 2005 to 2016

February 2019

Low-intensity tillage has become more popular among farmers in the United States and many other regions.

Crop type mapping without field-level labels: Random forest transfer and unsupervised clustering techniques

January 2019

Crop type mapping at the field level is necessary for a variety of applications in agricultural monitoring and food security.

Oil palm expansion and deforestation in Southwest Cameroon associated with proliferation of informal mills

January 2019

Oil palm expansion resulted in 2 million hectares (Mha) of forest loss globally in 2000–2010.

Decentralization and the environment: Assessing smallholder oil palm development in Indonesia

January 2019

Indonesia’s oil palm expansion during the last two decades has resulted in widespread environmental and health damages through land clearing by fire and peat conversion, but it has also contributed...

Model vs. experiment to predict crop losses—Response

December 2018

Our Report draws attention to a complex but understudied issue: How will climate warming alter losses of major food crops to insect pests?

Satellite mapping of tillage practices in the North Central US region from 2005 to 2016

December 2018

Low-intensity tillage has become more popular among farmers in the United States and many other regions.

Sustainable and Equitable Increases in Fruit and Vegetable Productivity and Consumption are Needed to Achieve Global Nutrition Security

November 2018

Increased intake of fruits and vegetables (F&V) is recommended for most populations across the globe.

A move beyond sustainability certification: The evolution of the chocolate industry's sustainable sourcing practices

September 2018

Companies' sustainable sourcing practices play an increasing role in addressing the social and environmental challenges in agricultural supply chains.

Increase in crop losses to insect pests in a warming climate

August 2018

Crop responses to climate warming suggest that yields will decrease as growing-season temperatures increase.

Armed conflict and child mortality in Africa: a geospatial analysis

August 2018

The extent to which armed conflicts—events such as civil wars, rebellions, and interstate conflicts—are an important driver of child mortality is unclear.

The paradox of irrigation efficiency

August 2018

Reconciling higher freshwater demands with finite freshwater resources remains one of the great policy dilemmas.

Estimating global agricultural effects of geoengineering using volcanic eruptions

August 2018

Solar radiation management is increasingly considered to be an option for managing global temperatures1,2, yet the economic effects of ameliorating climatic changes by scattering sunlight back to...

Higher temperatures increase suicide rates in the United States and Mexico

July 2018

Linkages between climate and mental health are often theorized, but remain poorly quantified.

Anticipated burden and mitigation of carbon-dioxide-induced nutritional deficiencies and related diseases: A simulation modeling study

July 2018

Rising atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations are anticipated to decrease the zinc and iron concentrations of crops.

People

Stephen J. Stedman Senior Fellow, Professor, by courtesy, Political Science
Scott Rozelle Senior Fellow, Helen F. Farnsworth Endowed Professorship
Prashant Loyalka Center Fellow, Assistant Professor at the Graduate School of Education
Rosamond L. Naylor Senior Fellow William Wrigley Professor of Earth System Science, Senior Fellow, Stanford Woods Institute and Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies, Professor, by courtesy, Economics, Senior Fellow and Founding Director, Center on Food Security and the Environment
Noah Diffenbaugh Kara J. Foundation Professor and Kimmelman Family Senior Fellow at the Woods Institute for the Environment
Steven Gorelick Cyrus F. Tolman Professor and Senior Fellow, Stanford Woods Institute for the Environment
Pamela Matson Chester Naramore Dean of the School of Earth, Energy and Environmental Sciences, Richard and Rhoda Goldman Professor of Environmental Studies, Senior Fellow at the Woods Institute for the Environment, FSE Affiliated Faculty Professor, Earth Sciences, Senior Fellow, Stanford Woods Institute
Stefano Ermon Assistant Professor, Department of Computer Science Fellow, Stanford Woods Institute for the Environment
Zhenong Jin Affiliated scholar
Sam Heft-Neal Research scholar, Center on Food Security and the Environment, Stanford Department of Earth System Science Research scholar, Center on Food Security and the Environment
Christopher Seifert PhD student, Earth System Science
Yi Zhao PhD student, Earth System Science