Security

Security

FSI scholars produce research aimed at creating a safer world and examing the consequences of security policies on institutions and society. They look at longstanding issues including nuclear nonproliferation and the conflicts between countries like North and South Korea. But their research also examines new and emerging areas that transcend traditional borders – the drug war in Mexico and expanding terrorism networks. FSI researchers look at the changing methods of warfare with a focus on biosecurity and nuclear risk. They tackle cybersecurity with an eye toward privacy concerns and explore the value of new actors like hackers.

Along with the changing face of conflict, terrorism and crime, FSI researchers study food security. They tackle the global problems of hunger, poverty and environmental degradation by generating knowledge and policy-relevant solutions. An interdisciplinary team of scholars accomplishes this mission through teaching and honing a research portfolio focused on agriculture, aquaculture, and climate change.

Recent Publications

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Crop yields in a geoengineered climate

January 2012

Crop models predict that recent and future climate change may have adverse effects on crop yields.

Emerging Land Issues in African Agriculture: Implications for food security and poverty reduction strategies

January 2012

Despite the fact that sub-Saharan Africa in 2012 contains much of the world’s unutilized and underutilized arable land, a significant and growing share of Africa’s farm households live in densely...

Cimate Change and Agricultural Adaptation

December 2011

This paper was prepared for Stanford University’s Global Food Policy and Food Security Symposium Series, hosted by the Center on Food Security and the Environment, and supported by the Bill and...

Climate Change and Conflict: Identifying the mechanisms

December 2011

Climate change will lead to massive conflicts, according to claims of such prominent sources as Sir Nicholas Stern and the US National Security Agency - claims repeated by the media.

Seeds of Sustainability: Lessons from the Birthplace of the Green Revolution

November 2011

Seeds of Sustainability is a groundbreaking analysis of agricultural development and transitions toward more sustainable management in one region.

Smallholder irrigation as a poverty alleviation tool in sub-Saharan Africa

November 2011

Promotion of smallholder irrigation is cited as a strategy for enhancing income generation and food security for sub-Saharan Africa’s poor farmers, but what makes this technology a successful...

African Agricultural Productivity Growth and R&D in a Global Setting

October 2011

This paper was prepared for Stanford University’s Global Food Policy and Food Security Symposium Series, hosted by the Center on Food Security and the Environment, and supported by the Bill and...

The Global Costs of American Ethanol

October 2011

World leaders are focused on agricultural supply data, insurance schemes and speculation as they try to quell volatility in global food markets.

Managing price volatility: Approaches at the global, national, and household levels

May 2011

This paper serves as background to the fourth presentation in a Symposium Series on Global Food Policy and Food Security hosted by the Center on Food Security and Environment at Stanford University...

Climate trend and global crop production since 1980

May 2011

One way of understanding how climate change is likely to affect global food production and food security is to better understand the recent past.

Assisting the escape from persistent ultra-poverty in rural Africa

April 2011

This paper was prepared for Stanford University’s Global Food Policy and Food Security Symposium Series, hosted by the Center on Food Security and the Environment, and supported by the Bill and...

Expanding the Boundaries of Agricultural Development

April 2011

The challenges of reducing global hunger and poverty are different today than they were 30 years ago.

Agriculture and Structural Transformation in Africa

April 2011

This paper was prepared for Stanford University’s Global Food Policy and Food Security Symposium Series, hosted by the Center on Food Security and the Environment, and supported by the Bill and...

Direct Climate Effects of Perennial Bioenergy Crops in the United States

February 2011

Biomass-derived energy offers the potential to increase energy security while mitigating anthropogenic climate change, but a successful path toward increased production requires a thorough...

Modelling farmers’ adaptations strategies to climate change and variability. The case of the Limpopo Basin, South Africa

December 2010

This paper examines climate adaptation strategies of farmers in the Limpopo Basin of South Africa.

Climate Change and Food Security: Adapting Agriculture to a Warmer World

December 2010

Roughly a billion people around the world continue to live in state of chronic hunger and food insecurity.

Food Security in an Era of Economic Volatility

December 2010

The recent upheavals in staple food prices, financial markets, and the global economy raise questions about the state of food insecurity, the nature of price variability, and the appropriate...

Trading carbon for food: Global comparison of carbon stocks vs. crop yields on agricultural land

November 2010

Expanding croplands to meet the needs of a growing population, changing diets, and biofuel production comes at the cost of reduced carbon stocks in natural vegetation and soils.

Results summary from NSF-funded project - Impacts of El Nino-Southern Oscillation Events (ENSO) on Chinese Rice Prouduction and the World Rice Market

August 2010

Reply to Sutton et al.: Relationship Between Temperature and Conflict is Robust

June 2010

In a recent paper, we documented strong historical linkages between temperature and civil conflict in Africa (1). Sutton et al.

Climate Change and China's Agricultural Sector: Impacts, Adaptation, and Mitigation

May 2010

Although China and the United States are the two largest emitters of greenhouse gases, China’s emissions on a per capita basis are significantly lower than those of the U.S.: in 2005, per capita...

The Poverty Implications of Climate-Induced Crop Yield Changes by 2030

February 2010

Accumulating evidence suggests that agricultural production could be greatly affected by climate change, but there remains little quantitative understanding of how these agricultural impacts would...

Solar-powered Drip Irrigation Enhances Food Security in the Sudano-Sahel

January 2010

Meeting the food needs of Africa's growing population over the next half-century will require technologies that significantly improve rural livelihoods at minimal environmental cost.

Coping with Climate Risks in Indonesia Rice Agriculture: A Policy Perspective

December 2009

In this chapter, we focus specifically on agricultural risks and uncertainties related to climate variability and global climate change from a policy viewpoint.