Security

Security

FSI scholars produce research aimed at creating a safer world and examing the consequences of security policies on institutions and society. They look at longstanding issues including nuclear nonproliferation and the conflicts between countries like North and South Korea. But their research also examines new and emerging areas that transcend traditional borders – the drug war in Mexico and expanding terrorism networks. FSI researchers look at the changing methods of warfare with a focus on biosecurity and nuclear risk. They tackle cybersecurity with an eye toward privacy concerns and explore the value of new actors like hackers.

Along with the changing face of conflict, terrorism and crime, FSI researchers study food security. They tackle the global problems of hunger, poverty and environmental degradation by generating knowledge and policy-relevant solutions. An interdisciplinary team of scholars accomplishes this mission through teaching and honing a research portfolio focused on agriculture, aquaculture, and climate change.

Recent Publications

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The Ripple Effect: Biofuels, Food Security, and the Environment

November 2007

The integration of the agricultural and energy sectors caused by rapid growth in the biofuels market signals a new era in food policy and sustainable development.

International trade in meat - The tip of the pork chop

December 2007

This paper provides an original account of global land, water and nitrogen use in support of industrialized livestock production and trade, with emphasis on two of the fastest growing sectors, pork...

Prioritizing Climate Change Adaptation Needs for Food Security in 2030

December 2008

Investments aimed at improving agricultural adaptation to climate change will inevitably favor some crops and regions over others.

Prioritizing climate change adaptation needs for food security - Policy Brief

December 2008

The potential impact of climate change on the world’s poor is a topic with wide and growing interest, but there remains much uncertainty about how specifically to adapt to a changing climate.

The Structural Transformation and the Changing Role of Agriculture in Economic Development

December 2007

This is the story of a powerful historical pathway of structural transformation that is experienced by all successful developing countries; of highly important and diverse approaches to coping with...

Is it Africa's Turn? Progress in the World's Poorest Region

May 2008

By the turn of this century, sub-Saharan Africa had experienced twenty-five years of economic and political disaster.

The Global Potential of Bioenergy on Abandoned Agricultural Lands

December 2008

Converting forest lands into bioenergy agriculture could accelerate climate change by emitting carbon stored in forests, while converting food agriculture lands into bioenergy agriculture could...

A Global Model Tracking Water, Nitrogen, and Land Inputs and Virtual Transfers from Industrialized Meat Production and Trade

December 2008

Rising populations and incomes throughout the world have boosted meat demand by over 75% in the last 20 years, intensifying pressures on production systems and the natural resources to which they...

Climate Extremes and Crop Adaptation

June 2009

In June 2009, a group of experts in climate science, crop modeling, and crop development gathered at Stanford University to discuss the major needs for successful crop adaptation to climate change....

Historical Warnings of Future Food Insecurity with Unprecedented Seasonal Heat

December 2009

Higher growing season temperatures can have dramatic impacts on agricultural productivity, farm incomes, and food security.

Carbon Payback Times for Crop-based Biofuel Expansion in the Tropics: The Effects of Changing Yield and Technology

December 2008

Biofuels from land-rich tropical countries may help displace foreign petroleum imports for many industrialized nations, providing a possible solution to the twin challenges of energy security and...

Greater Transportation Energy and GHG Offsets from Bioelectricity Than Ethanol

December 2009

Crop Yield Gaps: Their Importance, Magnitudes, and Causes

July 2009

Future trajectories of food prices, food security, and cropland expansion are closely linked to future average crop yields in the major agricultural regions of the world.

Warming Increases Risk of Civil War in Africa

November 2009

Armed conflict within nations has had disastrous humanitarian consequences throughout much of the world.

The Asian Maize Economy in 2025

December 2008

This chapter looks more qualitatively at Asia as a single region and focuses more speculatively on the longer run.

Coping with Climate Risks in Indonesia Rice Agriculture: A Policy Perspective

December 2009

In this chapter, we focus specifically on agricultural risks and uncertainties related to climate variability and global climate change from a policy viewpoint.

Potential Impact of U.S. Biofuels on Regional Climate

November 2009

Recent work has shown that current bio-energy policy directives may have harmful, indirect consequences, affecting both food security and the global climate system.

Climatic Effects of 30 Years of Landscape Change over the Greater Phoenix, Arizona Region: 2. Dynamical and Thermodynamical Response

March 2009

This paper is part 2 of a two-part study evaluating the climatic effect of one of the nation's most rapidly expanding metropolitan complexes, the Greater Phoenix, Arizona, region.

Climate Change and Global Health: Quantifying a Growing Ethical Crisis

November 2007

Climate change, as an environmental hazard operating at the global scale, poses a unique and "involuntary exposure" to many societies, and therefore represents possibly the largest health inequity...

The Poverty Implications of Climate-Induced Crop Yield Changes by 2030

February 2010

Accumulating evidence suggests that agricultural production could be greatly affected by climate change, but there remains little quantitative understanding of how these agricultural impacts would...

Reply to Sutton et al.: Relationship Between Temperature and Conflict is Robust

June 2010

In a recent paper, we documented strong historical linkages between temperature and civil conflict in Africa (1). Sutton et al.

Agricultural Lives of the Poor

December 2009

This paper presents data from six of the first countries incorporated into the Agricultural Lives of the Poor project: Ghana, Guatemala, India, Malawi, Uganda, and Vietnam.  Datasets were selected...