Climate change

Recent Publications

Records 24 / 422

Climatic Constraints on Aggregate Economic Output

May 2019

Efficient responses to climate change require accurate estimates of both aggregate damages and where and to whom they occur.

Integrating satellite and climate data to predict wheat yield in Australia using machine learning approaches

May 2019

Wheat is the most important staple crop grown in Australia, and Australia is one of the top wheat exporting countries globally.

Sustainable development of the palm oil sector in the Congo Basin

May 2019

Key messages:The Congo Basin is rich in biodiversity and stores an estimated 25%-30% of the worlds tropical forest carbon stocks.

Smallholder maize area and yield mapping at national scales with Google Earth Engine

May 2019

Accurate measurements of maize yields at field or subfield scales are useful for guiding agronomic practices and investments and policies for improving food security.

Water Use Efficiency as a Constraint and Target for Improving the Resilience and Productivity of C3 and C4 Crops

April 2019

The ratio of plant carbon gain to water use, known as water use efficiency (WUE), has long been recognized as a key constraint on crop production and an important target for crop improvement.

Global warming has increased global economic inequality

April 2019

Understanding the causes of economic inequality is critical for achieving equitable economic development.

Strengthened scientific support for the Endangerment Finding for atmospheric greenhouse gases

March 2019

We assess scientific evidence that has emerged since the U.S.

Mapping Missing Population in Rural India: A Deep Learning Approach with Satellite Imagery

February 2019

Millions of people worldwide are absent from their country’s census.

Satellite mapping of tillage practices in the North Central US region from 2005 to 2016

February 2019

Low-intensity tillage has become more popular among farmers in the United States and many other regions.

Crop type mapping without field-level labels: Random forest transfer and unsupervised clustering techniques

January 2019

Crop type mapping at the field level is necessary for a variety of applications in agricultural monitoring and food security.

Oil palm expansion and deforestation in Southwest Cameroon associated with proliferation of informal mills

January 2019

Oil palm expansion resulted in 2 million hectares (Mha) of forest loss globally in 2000–2010.

Decentralization and the environment: Assessing smallholder oil palm development in Indonesia

January 2019

Indonesia’s oil palm expansion during the last two decades has resulted in widespread environmental and health damages through land clearing by fire and peat conversion, but it has also contributed...

Model vs. experiment to predict crop losses—Response

December 2018

Our Report draws attention to a complex but understudied issue: How will climate warming alter losses of major food crops to insect pests?

Satellite mapping of tillage practices in the North Central US region from 2005 to 2016

December 2018

Low-intensity tillage has become more popular among farmers in the United States and many other regions.

Sustainable and Equitable Increases in Fruit and Vegetable Productivity and Consumption are Needed to Achieve Global Nutrition Security

November 2018

Increased intake of fruits and vegetables (F&V) is recommended for most populations across the globe.

A move beyond sustainability certification: The evolution of the chocolate industry's sustainable sourcing practices

September 2018

Companies' sustainable sourcing practices play an increasing role in addressing the social and environmental challenges in agricultural supply chains.

Increase in crop losses to insect pests in a warming climate

August 2018

Crop responses to climate warming suggest that yields will decrease as growing-season temperatures increase.

Armed conflict and child mortality in Africa: a geospatial analysis

August 2018

The extent to which armed conflicts—events such as civil wars, rebellions, and interstate conflicts—are an important driver of child mortality is unclear.

The paradox of irrigation efficiency

August 2018

Reconciling higher freshwater demands with finite freshwater resources remains one of the great policy dilemmas.

Estimating global agricultural effects of geoengineering using volcanic eruptions

August 2018

Solar radiation management is increasingly considered to be an option for managing global temperatures1,2, yet the economic effects of ameliorating climatic changes by scattering sunlight back to...

Higher temperatures increase suicide rates in the United States and Mexico

July 2018

Linkages between climate and mental health are often theorized, but remain poorly quantified.

Anticipated burden and mitigation of carbon-dioxide-induced nutritional deficiencies and related diseases: A simulation modeling study

July 2018

Rising atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations are anticipated to decrease the zinc and iron concentrations of crops.

Robust relationship between air quality and infant mortality in Africa

June 2018

Poor air quality is thought to be an important mortality risk factor globally1,2,3, but there is little direct evidence from the developing world on how mortality risk varies with changing exposure...

Hierarchical Modeling of Seed Variety Yields and Decision Making for Future Planting Plans

June 2018

Eradicating hunger and malnutrition is a key development goal of the twenty first century.

People

Scott Rozelle Senior Fellow, Helen F. Farnsworth Endowed Professorship
Prashant Loyalka Center Fellow, Assistant Professor at the Graduate School of Education
Rosamond L. Naylor Senior Fellow William Wrigley Professor of Earth System Science, Senior Fellow, Stanford Woods Institute and Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies, Professor, by courtesy, Economics, Senior Fellow and Founding Director, Center on Food Security and the Environment
Stephen J. Stedman Senior Fellow, Professor, by courtesy, Political Science
Steven Gorelick Cyrus F. Tolman Professor and Senior Fellow, Stanford Woods Institute for the Environment
Pamela Matson Chester Naramore Dean of the School of Earth, Energy and Environmental Sciences, Richard and Rhoda Goldman Professor of Environmental Studies, Senior Fellow at the Woods Institute for the Environment, FSE Affiliated Faculty Professor, Earth Sciences, Senior Fellow, Stanford Woods Institute
Noah Diffenbaugh Kara J. Foundation Professor and Kimmelman Family Senior Fellow at the Woods Institute for the Environment
Stefano Ermon Assistant Professor, Department of Computer Science Fellow, Stanford Woods Institute for the Environment
Sam Heft-Neal Research scholar, Center on Food Security and the Environment, Stanford Department of Earth System Science Research scholar, Center on Food Security and the Environment
Zhenong Jin Affiliated scholar
Yi Zhao PhD student, Earth System Science
Tannis Thorlakson Ph.D. student, Emmett Interdisciplinary Program in Environment and Resources