Climate change

Recent Publications

Records 72 / 135

The use of satellite data for crop yield gap analysis

March 2013

Field experiments and simulation models are useful tools for understanding crop yield gaps, but scaling up these approaches to understand entire regions over time has remained a considerable...

Reduction of transpiration and altered nutrient allocation contribute to nutrient decline of crops grown in elevated CO2 concentrations

March 2013

Plants grown in elevated [CO2] have lower protein and mineral concentrations compared with plants grown in ambient [CO2].

Climate adaptation as mitigation: the case of agricultural investments

February 2013

Successful adaptation of agriculture to ongoing climate changes would help to maintain productivity growth and thereby reduce pressure to bring new lands into agriculture.

Evaluating the Contribution of Weather to Maize and Wheat Yield Trends in 12 U.S. Counties

December 2012

Evaluating the contribution of weather and its individual components to recent yield trends can be useful to predict the response of crop production to future climate change, but different modeling...

An assessment of wheat yield sensitivity and breeding gains in hot environments

December 2012

Genetic improvements in heat tolerance of wheat provide a potential adaptation response to long-term warming trends, and may also boost yields in wheat-growing areas already subject to heat stress....

Climate and Social Stress: Implications for Security Analysis

November 2012

SummaryClimate change can reasonably be expected to increase the frequency and intensity of a variety of potentially disruptive environmental events-slowly at first, but then more quickly.

The nature and causes of the global water crisis: Syndromes from a meta-analysis of coupled human-water studies

October 2012

Freshwater scarcity has been cited as the major crisis of the 21st century, but it is surprisingly hard to describe the nature of the global water crisis.

The case of the missing wheat

June 2012

In Lewis Carroll's Through the Looking Glass, Alice finds herself running as fast as she can but not moving anywhere.

India 1960-2010: Structural change, the rural non-farm sector, and the prospects for agriculture

May 2012

This paper looks at past and likely future agricultural growth and rural poverty reduction in the context of the overall Indian economy.

Projected temperature changes indicate significant increase in interannual variability of U.S. maize yields

March 2012

Climate change has the potential to be a source of increased variability if crops are more frequently exposed to damaging weather conditions.

Extreme heat effects on wheat senescence in India

January 2012

An important source of uncertainty in anticipating the effects of climate change on agriculture is limited understanding of crop responses to extremely high temperatures.

Crop yields in a geoengineered climate

January 2012

Crop models predict that recent and future climate change may have adverse effects on crop yields.

California perennial crops in a changing climate

December 2011

Perennial crops are among the most valuable of California’s diverse agricultural products.

Cimate Change and Agricultural Adaptation

December 2011

This paper was prepared for Stanford University’s Global Food Policy and Food Security Symposium Series, hosted by the Center on Food Security and the Environment, and supported by the Bill and...

Climate Change and Conflict: Identifying the mechanisms

December 2011

Climate change will lead to massive conflicts, according to claims of such prominent sources as Sir Nicholas Stern and the US National Security Agency - claims repeated by the media.

Sugar and Ethanol Production as a Rural Development Strategy in Brazil: Evidence from the State of São Paulo

June 2011

Sugar and ethanol production are key components of Brazil's rural development and energy strategies, yet in recent years sugar production has been widely criticized for its environmental and labor...

Climate trend and global crop production since 1980

May 2011

One way of understanding how climate change is likely to affect global food production and food security is to better understand the recent past.

Climate Trends and Global Crop Production Since 1980

May 2011

Efforts to anticipate how climate change will affect future food availability can benefit from understanding the impacts of changes to date.

Expanding the Boundaries of Agricultural Development

April 2011

The challenges of reducing global hunger and poverty are different today than they were 30 years ago.

Direct Impacts on Local Climate of Sugarcane Expansion in Brazil

April 2011

The increasing global demand for biofuels will require conversion of conventional agricultural or natural ecosystems.

Nonlinear Heat Effects on African Maize as Evidenced by Historical Yield Trials

March 2011

New approaches are needed to accelerate understanding of climate impacts on crop yields, particularly in tropical regions.

Direct Climate Effects of Perennial Bioenergy Crops in the United States

February 2011

Biomass-derived energy offers the potential to increase energy security while mitigating anthropogenic climate change, but a successful path toward increased production requires a thorough...

Climate volatility and poverty vulnerability in Tanzania

February 2011

Climate volatility could change in the future, with important implications for agricultural productivity.

Adapting Agriculture to Climate Change: Summary Statement from a Bellagio Meeting

January 2011

This Statement summarizes the results of the third in a series of consultations between agricultural scientists (in particular those interested in the conservation and use of crop diversity in...