Climate change

Recent Publications

Records 48 / 135

The Effect of Irrigation on Regional Temperatures: A Spatial and Temporal Analysis of Trends in California, 1943-2002

December 2008

The response of air temperatures to widespread irrigation may represent an important component of past and/or future regional climate changes.

The role of irrigation expansion in past and future temperature trends

December 2008

Expansion of irrigated land can cause local cooling of daytime temperatures by up to several degrees Celsius.

Irrigation cooling effect on temperature and heat index extremes

December 2008

Why are agricultural impacts of climate change so uncertain? The importance of temperature relative to precipitation

December 2008

Estimates of climate change impacts are often characterized by large uncertainties that reflect ignorance of many physical, biological, and socio-economic processes, and which hamper efforts to...

Climate Extremes and Crop Adaptation

June 2009

In June 2009, a group of experts in climate science, crop modeling, and crop development gathered at Stanford University to discuss the major needs for successful crop adaptation to climate change....

Historical Warnings of Future Food Insecurity with Unprecedented Seasonal Heat

December 2009

Higher growing season temperatures can have dramatic impacts on agricultural productivity, farm incomes, and food security.

Carbon Payback Times for Crop-based Biofuel Expansion in the Tropics: The Effects of Changing Yield and Technology

December 2008

Biofuels from land-rich tropical countries may help displace foreign petroleum imports for many industrialized nations, providing a possible solution to the twin challenges of energy security and...

Mapping Land Sources for New Biofuel Croplands

December 2009

Presentation from the session session "Biofuels, Tropical Deforestation, and Climate Policy: Key Challenges and Opportunities" at the annual AAAS meeting, Feb 14 2009.

Greater Transportation Energy and GHG Offsets from Bioelectricity Than Ethanol

December 2009

Warming Increases Risk of Civil War in Africa

November 2009

Armed conflict within nations has had disastrous humanitarian consequences throughout much of the world.

El Nino-Southern Oscillation impacts on rice production in Luzon, the Philippines

August 2009

This study uses regression analysis to evaluate the relationships among sea surface temperature anomalies (SSTA) averaged over the Niño-3.4 region (5°N-5°S, 120°-170°W), rainfall, and rice...

Downscaling Indonesia Precipitation using Large-Scale Meteorological Fields

July 2009

This study investigates the skill of linear methods for downscaling provincial-scale precipitation over Indonesia from fields that describe the large-scale circulation and hydrological cycle.

Coping with Climate Risks in Indonesia Rice Agriculture: A Policy Perspective

December 2009

In this chapter, we focus specifically on agricultural risks and uncertainties related to climate variability and global climate change from a policy viewpoint.

Potential Impact of U.S. Biofuels on Regional Climate

November 2009

Recent work has shown that current bio-energy policy directives may have harmful, indirect consequences, affecting both food security and the global climate system.

Climate Effects of 30 Years of Landscape Change over the Greater Phoenix, Arizona Region: 1. Surface Energy Budget Changes

March 2009

This paper is part 1 of a two-part study that evaluates the climatic effects of recent landscape change for one of the nation's most rapidly expanding metropolitan complexes, the Greater Phoenix,...

Climatic Effects of 30 Years of Landscape Change over the Greater Phoenix, Arizona Region: 2. Dynamical and Thermodynamical Response

March 2009

This paper is part 2 of a two-part study evaluating the climatic effect of one of the nation's most rapidly expanding metropolitan complexes, the Greater Phoenix, Arizona, region.

Climate Change and Global Health: Quantifying a Growing Ethical Crisis

November 2007

Climate change, as an environmental hazard operating at the global scale, poses a unique and "involuntary exposure" to many societies, and therefore represents possibly the largest health inequity...

Tropical Deforestation and Carbon Emissions: Introduction to Special Issue

December 2007

Carbon emissions from tropical deforestation have long been recognized as a key component of the global carbon budget, and more recently of our global climate system.

Monitoring and Measuring Tropical Forest Carbon Stocks: Making REDD a Reality

December 2007

Reducing carbon emissions from deforestation and degradation in developing countries is of central importance in efforts to combat climate change.

Disease Emergence from Global Climate and Land Use Change

November 2008

Climate change and land use change can affect multiple infectious diseases of humans, acting either independently or synergistically.

Sustainable Biofuels Redux

October 2008

Last May's passage of the 2008 Farm Bill raises the stakes for biofuel sustainability:A substantial subsidy for the production of cellulosic ethanol starts the United States again down a path with...

Global Congruence of Carbon Storage and Biodiversity in Terrestrial Ecosystems

December 2010

Deforestation is a main driver of climate change and biodiversity loss.

Robust Negative Impacts of Climate Change on African Agriculture

February 2010

There is widespread interest in the impacts of climate change on agriculture in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), and on the most effective investments to assist adaptation to these changes, yet the...