Climate change

Recent Publications

Records 72 / 135

Impacts of El Nino-Southern Oscillation events on China's rice production

December 2010

This paper aims to demonstrate the relationships between ENSO and rice production of Jiangxi province in order to identify the reason that ENSO might have little effect on Chinese rice production....

The Poverty Implications of Climate-Induced Crop Yield Changes by 2030

February 2010

Accumulating evidence suggests that agricultural production could be greatly affected by climate change, but there remains little quantitative understanding of how these agricultural impacts would...

Satellite Evidence for Yield Growth Opportunities in Northwest India

April 2010

Improving crop yields in major agricultural regions is one of the foremost scientific challenges for the next few decades.

Reply to Sutton et al.: Relationship Between Temperature and Conflict is Robust

June 2010

In a recent paper, we documented strong historical linkages between temperature and civil conflict in Africa (1). Sutton et al.

Remote Sensing of Soil Degradation: Introduction

December 2009

In the 21st century, mapping and monitoring the occurrence of soil degradation will be an important component of successful land management.

Regional-scale Assessment of Soil Salinity in the Red River Valley Using Multi-year MODIS EVI and NDVI

December 2009

The ability to inventory and map soil salinity at regional scales remains a significant challenge to scientists concerned with the salinization of agricultural soils throughout the world.

Climate Change and China's Agricultural Sector: Impacts, Adaptation, and Mitigation

May 2010

Although China and the United States are the two largest emitters of greenhouse gases, China’s emissions on a per capita basis are significantly lower than those of the U.S.: in 2005, per capita...

On the Use of Statistical Models to Predict Crop Yield Responses to Climate Change

October 2010

Predicting the potential effects of climate change on crop yields requires a model of how crops respond to weather.

Orographic Controls on Climate and Paleoclimate of Asia: Thermal and Mechanical Roles for the Tibetan Plateau

December 2010

Prevailing opinion assigns the Tibetan Plateau a crucial role in shaping Asian climate, primarily by heating of the atmosphere over Tibet during spring and summer.

The Source of the Midwinter Suppression in Storminess over the North Pacific

February 2010

Feature-tracking techniques are employed to investigate why there is a relative minimum in storminess during winter within the Pacific storm track (the midwinter suppression).

Trading carbon for food: Global comparison of carbon stocks vs. crop yields on agricultural land

November 2010

Expanding croplands to meet the needs of a growing population, changing diets, and biofuel production comes at the cost of reduced carbon stocks in natural vegetation and soils.

Nonlinear Heat Effects on African Maize as Evidenced by Historical Yield Trials

March 2011

New approaches are needed to accelerate understanding of climate impacts on crop yields, particularly in tropical regions.

Reduction of transpiration and altered nutrient allocation contribute to nutrient decline of crops grown in elevated CO2 concentrations

March 2013

Plants grown in elevated [CO2] have lower protein and mineral concentrations compared with plants grown in ambient [CO2].

Adapting Agriculture to Climate Change: Summary Statement from a Bellagio Meeting

January 2011

This Statement summarizes the results of the third in a series of consultations between agricultural scientists (in particular those interested in the conservation and use of crop diversity in...

Direct Climate Effects of Perennial Bioenergy Crops in the United States

February 2011

Biomass-derived energy offers the potential to increase energy security while mitigating anthropogenic climate change, but a successful path toward increased production requires a thorough...

Sugar and Ethanol Production as a Rural Development Strategy in Brazil: Evidence from the State of São Paulo

June 2011

Sugar and ethanol production are key components of Brazil's rural development and energy strategies, yet in recent years sugar production has been widely criticized for its environmental and labor...

Direct Impacts on Local Climate of Sugarcane Expansion in Brazil

April 2011

The increasing global demand for biofuels will require conversion of conventional agricultural or natural ecosystems.

Climate Trends and Global Crop Production Since 1980

May 2011

Efforts to anticipate how climate change will affect future food availability can benefit from understanding the impacts of changes to date.

Climate trend and global crop production since 1980

May 2011

One way of understanding how climate change is likely to affect global food production and food security is to better understand the recent past.

Expanding the Boundaries of Agricultural Development

April 2011

The challenges of reducing global hunger and poverty are different today than they were 30 years ago.

Extreme heat effects on wheat senescence in India

January 2012

An important source of uncertainty in anticipating the effects of climate change on agriculture is limited understanding of crop responses to extremely high temperatures.

Crop yields in a geoengineered climate

January 2012

Crop models predict that recent and future climate change may have adverse effects on crop yields.

Cimate Change and Agricultural Adaptation

December 2011

This paper was prepared for Stanford University’s Global Food Policy and Food Security Symposium Series, hosted by the Center on Food Security and the Environment, and supported by the Bill and...

California perennial crops in a changing climate

December 2011

Perennial crops are among the most valuable of California’s diverse agricultural products.