Water

Recent Publications

Records 24 / 53

Water Use Efficiency as a Constraint and Target for Improving the Resilience and Productivity of C3 and C4 Crops

April 2019

The ratio of plant carbon gain to water use, known as water use efficiency (WUE), has long been recognized as a key constraint on crop production and an important target for crop improvement.

The paradox of irrigation efficiency

August 2018

Reconciling higher freshwater demands with finite freshwater resources remains one of the great policy dilemmas.

Historical effects of CO2 and climate trends on global crop water demand

November 2017

A critical question for agricultural production and food security is how water demand for staple crops will respond to climate and carbon dioxide (CO2) changes1, especially in light of the expected...

Impact of a rural solar electrification project on the level and structure of women's empowerment

September 2017

Although development organizations agree that reliable access to energy and energy services—one of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals—is likely to have profound and perhaps disproportionate...

Prevalence of anemia, deficiencies of iron and vitamin A and their determinants in rural women and young children: a cross-sectional study in Kalale district of northern Benin

January 2017

Recent reviews of dietary intake data from Benin showed that recommended daily intakes of key micronutrients, such as vitamin A and Fe, were not met( 1 – 4 ).

Prevalence of anaemia, deficiencies of iron and vitamin A and their determinants in rural women and young children: a cross-sectional study in Kalalé district of northern Benin

January 2017

Objective: To identify the magnitude of anaemia and deficiencies of Fe (ID) and vitamin A (VAD) and their associated factors among rural women and children.Design: Cross-sectional, comprising a...

Invisible water, visible impact: groundwater use and Indian agriculture under climate change

August 2016

India is one of the world's largest food producers, making the sustainability of its agricultural system of global significance.

Solar-powered drip irrigation Impacts on crops production diversity and dietary diversity in northern Benin

March 2016

In 2007, "solar market gardens" were installed in 2 villages for women’s agricultural groups as a strategy for enhancing food and nutrition security.

Colocation opportunities for large solar infrastructures and agriculture in drylands

March 2016

We explored the potential to colocate solar installations and agriculture.Water use at solar installations are similar to amounts required for desert plants.Co-located systems are economically...

Growing sensitivity of maize to water scarcity under climate change

January 2016

Climate change can reduce crop yields and thereby threaten food security.

What aspects of future rainfall changes matter for crop yields in West Africa?

September 2015

Abstract: How rainfall arrives, in terms of its frequency, intensity and the timing and duration of rainy season, may have a large influence on rainfed agriculture.

High Time for Conservation: Adding the Environment to the Debate on Marijuana Liberalization

June 2015

The liberalization of marijuana policies, including the legalization of medical and recreational marijuana, is sweeping the United States and other countries.

Temperature impacts on the water year 2014 drought in California

June 2015

California is experiencing one of the worst droughts on record.

Climate Change Impact on Agriculture: Implications for Food Security and Hunger

June 2015

David Lobell’s recent research indicates that negative impacts to the global agriculture system are much more likely, more severe and wider-ranging in the face of human-caused climate change....

A global perspective on food systems

March 2015

Photosynthetic seasonality of global tropical forests constrained by hydroclimate

March 2015

The response of tropical forests to droughts is highly uncertain.

The Evolving Sphere of Food Security

September 2014

The Evolving Sphere of Food Security seeks to answer two important questions: How do the priorities and challenges of achieving food security change over time as countries develop economically?

The case for distributed irrigation as a development priority in sub-Saharan Africa

July 2013

Distributed irrigation systems are those in which the water access (via pump or human power), distribution (via furrow, watering can, sprinkler, drip lines, etc.), and use all occur at or near the...

Water and Agriculture in Africa: The politics of the belly or the politics of the mirror?

May 2013

The water and agriculture glass in Africa is half-empty: Africa has failed to develop its massive water resources and failed to achieve agricultural growth.

The critical role of extreme heat for maize production in the United States

March 2013

Statistical studies of rainfed maize yields in the United States and elsewhere have indicated two clear features: a strong negative yield response to accumulation of temperatures above 30 °C (or...

Evaluating the Contribution of Weather to Maize and Wheat Yield Trends in 12 U.S. Counties

December 2012

Evaluating the contribution of weather and its individual components to recent yield trends can be useful to predict the response of crop production to future climate change, but different modeling...

Freshwater availability and water fetching distance affect child health in sub-Saharan Africa

December 2012

Currently, more than two-thirds of the population in Africa must leave their home to fetch water for drinking and domestic use.

The nature and causes of the global water crisis: Syndromes from a meta-analysis of coupled human-water studies

October 2012

Freshwater scarcity has been cited as the major crisis of the 21st century, but it is surprisingly hard to describe the nature of the global water crisis.

Redefining Security Along the Food-Health Nexus: report of a conference and center launch held at Stanford University on November 10, 2011

March 2012

For most scholars the concept of security encompasses issues of state legitimacy, economic and political sovereignty, and protection from military, nuclear, or terrorist assault.

People

Rosamond L. Naylor Senior Fellow William Wrigley Professor of Earth System Science, Senior Fellow, Stanford Woods Institute and Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies, Professor, by courtesy, Economics, Senior Fellow and Founding Director, Center on Food Security and the Environment
Pamela Matson Chester Naramore Dean of the School of Earth, Energy and Environmental Sciences, Richard and Rhoda Goldman Professor of Environmental Studies, Senior Fellow at the Woods Institute for the Environment, FSE Affiliated Faculty Professor, Earth Sciences, Senior Fellow, Stanford Woods Institute
Steven Gorelick Cyrus F. Tolman Professor and Senior Fellow, Stanford Woods Institute for the Environment
Katrina ole-MoiYoi Affiliated scholar
Wolfram Schlenker Visiting Scholar
Quentin Grafton Affiliated scholar