Water

Recent Scholarly Publications

Records 48 / 55

Numerical Modeling of Aquaculture Dissolved Waste Transport in a Coastal Embayment

February 2011

Marine aquaculture is expanding rapidly without reliable quantification of effluents.

Direct Climate Effects of Perennial Bioenergy Crops in the United States

February 2011

Biomass-derived energy offers the potential to increase energy security while mitigating anthropogenic climate change, but a successful path toward increased production requires a thorough...

Smallholder irrigation as a poverty alleviation tool in sub-Saharan Africa

November 2011

Promotion of smallholder irrigation is cited as a strategy for enhancing income generation and food security for sub-Saharan Africa’s poor farmers, but what makes this technology a successful...

Freshwater availability and water fetching distance affect child health in sub-Saharan Africa

December 2012

Currently, more than two-thirds of the population in Africa must leave their home to fetch water for drinking and domestic use.

Evaluating the Contribution of Weather to Maize and Wheat Yield Trends in 12 U.S. Counties

December 2012

Evaluating the contribution of weather and its individual components to recent yield trends can be useful to predict the response of crop production to future climate change, but different modeling...

Redefining Security Along the Food-Health Nexus: report of a conference and center launch held at Stanford University on November 10, 2011

March 2012

For most scholars the concept of security encompasses issues of state legitimacy, economic and political sovereignty, and protection from military, nuclear, or terrorist assault.

Modelling farmers’ adaptations strategies to climate change and variability. The case of the Limpopo Basin, South Africa

December 2010

This paper examines climate adaptation strategies of farmers in the Limpopo Basin of South Africa.

The nature and causes of the global water crisis: Syndromes from a meta-analysis of coupled human-water studies

October 2012

Freshwater scarcity has been cited as the major crisis of the 21st century, but it is surprisingly hard to describe the nature of the global water crisis.

The critical role of extreme heat for maize production in the United States

March 2013

Statistical studies of rainfed maize yields in the United States and elsewhere have indicated two clear features: a strong negative yield response to accumulation of temperatures above 30 °C (or...

Water and Agriculture in Africa: The politics of the belly or the politics of the mirror?

May 2013

The water and agriculture glass in Africa is half-empty: Africa has failed to develop its massive water resources and failed to achieve agricultural growth.

The case for distributed irrigation as a development priority in sub-Saharan Africa

July 2013

Distributed irrigation systems are those in which the water access (via pump or human power), distribution (via furrow, watering can, sprinkler, drip lines, etc.), and use all occur at or near the...

The Evolving Sphere of Food Security

September 2014

The Evolving Sphere of Food Security seeks to answer two important questions: How do the priorities and challenges of achieving food security change over time as countries develop economically?

A global perspective on food systems

March 2015

High Time for Conservation: Adding the Environment to the Debate on Marijuana Liberalization

June 2015

The liberalization of marijuana policies, including the legalization of medical and recreational marijuana, is sweeping the United States and other countries.

What aspects of future rainfall changes matter for crop yields in West Africa?

September 2015

Abstract: How rainfall arrives, in terms of its frequency, intensity and the timing and duration of rainy season, may have a large influence on rainfed agriculture.

Photosynthetic seasonality of global tropical forests constrained by hydroclimate

March 2015

The response of tropical forests to droughts is highly uncertain.

Temperature impacts on the water year 2014 drought in California

June 2015

California is experiencing one of the worst droughts on record.

Growing sensitivity of maize to water scarcity under climate change

January 2016

Climate change can reduce crop yields and thereby threaten food security.

Colocation opportunities for large solar infrastructures and agriculture in drylands

March 2016

We explored the potential to colocate solar installations and agriculture.Water use at solar installations are similar to amounts required for desert plants.Co-located systems are economically...

Solar-powered drip irrigation Impacts on crops production diversity and dietary diversity in northern Benin

March 2016

In 2007, "solar market gardens" were installed in 2 villages for women’s agricultural groups as a strategy for enhancing food and nutrition security.

Invisible water, visible impact: groundwater use and Indian agriculture under climate change

August 2016

India is one of the world's largest food producers, making the sustainability of its agricultural system of global significance.

Prevalence of anaemia, deficiencies of iron and vitamin A and their determinants in rural women and young children: a cross-sectional study in Kalalé district of northern Benin

January 2017

Objective: To identify the magnitude of anaemia and deficiencies of Fe (ID) and vitamin A (VAD) and their associated factors among rural women and children.Design: Cross-sectional, comprising a...

Impact of a rural solar electrification project on the level and structure of women's empowerment

September 2017

Although development organizations agree that reliable access to energy and energy services—one of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals—is likely to have profound and perhaps disproportionate...

Historical effects of CO2 and climate trends on global crop water demand

November 2017

A critical question for agricultural production and food security is how water demand for staple crops will respond to climate and carbon dioxide (CO2) changes1, especially in light of the expected...