Climate

Recent Publications

Records 72 / 128

Climatic Effects of 30 Years of Landscape Change over the Greater Phoenix, Arizona Region: 2. Dynamical and Thermodynamical Response

March 2009

This paper is part 2 of a two-part study evaluating the climatic effect of one of the nation's most rapidly expanding metropolitan complexes, the Greater Phoenix, Arizona, region.

Climate Change and Global Health: Quantifying a Growing Ethical Crisis

November 2007

Climate change, as an environmental hazard operating at the global scale, poses a unique and "involuntary exposure" to many societies, and therefore represents possibly the largest health inequity...

Tropical Deforestation and Carbon Emissions: Introduction to Special Issue

December 2007

Carbon emissions from tropical deforestation have long been recognized as a key component of the global carbon budget, and more recently of our global climate system.

Monitoring and Measuring Tropical Forest Carbon Stocks: Making REDD a Reality

December 2007

Reducing carbon emissions from deforestation and degradation in developing countries is of central importance in efforts to combat climate change.

Reference Scenarios for Deforestation and Forest Degradation in Support of REDD: a Review of Data and Methods

June 2008

Global climate policy initiatives are now being proposed to compensate tropical forest nations for reducing carbon emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD).

Disease Emergence from Global Climate and Land Use Change

November 2008

Climate change and land use change can affect multiple infectious diseases of humans, acting either independently or synergistically.

Global Congruence of Carbon Storage and Biodiversity in Terrestrial Ecosystems

December 2010

Deforestation is a main driver of climate change and biodiversity loss.

Robust Negative Impacts of Climate Change on African Agriculture

February 2010

There is widespread interest in the impacts of climate change on agriculture in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), and on the most effective investments to assist adaptation to these changes, yet the...

Impacts of El Nino-Southern Oscillation events on China's rice production

December 2010

This paper aims to demonstrate the relationships between ENSO and rice production of Jiangxi province in order to identify the reason that ENSO might have little effect on Chinese rice production....

The Poverty Implications of Climate-Induced Crop Yield Changes by 2030

February 2010

Accumulating evidence suggests that agricultural production could be greatly affected by climate change, but there remains little quantitative understanding of how these agricultural impacts would...

Regional-scale Assessment of Soil Salinity in the Red River Valley Using Multi-year MODIS EVI and NDVI

December 2009

The ability to inventory and map soil salinity at regional scales remains a significant challenge to scientists concerned with the salinization of agricultural soils throughout the world.

Climate Change and China's Agricultural Sector: Impacts, Adaptation, and Mitigation

May 2010

Although China and the United States are the two largest emitters of greenhouse gases, China’s emissions on a per capita basis are significantly lower than those of the U.S.: in 2005, per capita...

On the Use of Statistical Models to Predict Crop Yield Responses to Climate Change

October 2010

Predicting the potential effects of climate change on crop yields requires a model of how crops respond to weather.

Orographic Controls on Climate and Paleoclimate of Asia: Thermal and Mechanical Roles for the Tibetan Plateau

December 2010

Prevailing opinion assigns the Tibetan Plateau a crucial role in shaping Asian climate, primarily by heating of the atmosphere over Tibet during spring and summer.

The Source of the Midwinter Suppression in Storminess over the North Pacific

February 2010

Feature-tracking techniques are employed to investigate why there is a relative minimum in storminess during winter within the Pacific storm track (the midwinter suppression).

Nonlinear Heat Effects on African Maize as Evidenced by Historical Yield Trials

March 2011

New approaches are needed to accelerate understanding of climate impacts on crop yields, particularly in tropical regions.

Reduction of transpiration and altered nutrient allocation contribute to nutrient decline of crops grown in elevated CO2 concentrations

March 2013

Plants grown in elevated [CO2] have lower protein and mineral concentrations compared with plants grown in ambient [CO2].

Adapting Agriculture to Climate Change: Summary Statement from a Bellagio Meeting

January 2011

This Statement summarizes the results of the third in a series of consultations between agricultural scientists (in particular those interested in the conservation and use of crop diversity in...

Direct Climate Effects of Perennial Bioenergy Crops in the United States

February 2011

Biomass-derived energy offers the potential to increase energy security while mitigating anthropogenic climate change, but a successful path toward increased production requires a thorough...

Direct Impacts on Local Climate of Sugarcane Expansion in Brazil

April 2011

The increasing global demand for biofuels will require conversion of conventional agricultural or natural ecosystems.

Climate Trends and Global Crop Production Since 1980

May 2011

Efforts to anticipate how climate change will affect future food availability can benefit from understanding the impacts of changes to date.

Climate trend and global crop production since 1980

May 2011

One way of understanding how climate change is likely to affect global food production and food security is to better understand the recent past.

Expanding the Boundaries of Agricultural Development

April 2011

The challenges of reducing global hunger and poverty are different today than they were 30 years ago.

Seeds of Sustainability: Lessons from the Birthplace of the Green Revolution

November 2011

Seeds of Sustainability is a groundbreaking analysis of agricultural development and transitions toward more sustainable management in one region.