Agriculture

Recent Publications

Records 24 / 279

Crop type mapping without field-level labels: Random forest transfer and unsupervised clustering techniques

January 2019

Crop type mapping at the field level is necessary for a variety of applications in agricultural monitoring and food security.

Oil palm expansion and deforestation in Southwest Cameroon associated with proliferation of informal mills

January 2019

Oil palm expansion resulted in 2 million hectares (Mha) of forest loss globally in 2000–2010.

Decentralization and the environment: Assessing smallholder oil palm development in Indonesia

January 2019

Indonesia’s oil palm expansion during the last two decades has resulted in widespread environmental and health damages through land clearing by fire and peat conversion, but it has also contributed...

Model vs. experiment to predict crop losses—Response

December 2018

Our Report draws attention to a complex but understudied issue: How will climate warming alter losses of major food crops to insect pests?

Satellite mapping of tillage practices in the North Central US region from 2005 to 2016

December 2018

Low-intensity tillage has become more popular among farmers in the United States and many other regions.

Sustainable and Equitable Increases in Fruit and Vegetable Productivity and Consumption are Needed to Achieve Global Nutrition Security

November 2018

Increased intake of fruits and vegetables (F&V) is recommended for most populations across the globe.

A move beyond sustainability certification: The evolution of the chocolate industry's sustainable sourcing practices

September 2018

Companies' sustainable sourcing practices play an increasing role in addressing the social and environmental challenges in agricultural supply chains.

The paradox of irrigation efficiency

August 2018

Reconciling higher freshwater demands with finite freshwater resources remains one of the great policy dilemmas.

Estimating global agricultural effects of geoengineering using volcanic eruptions

August 2018

Solar radiation management is increasingly considered to be an option for managing global temperatures1,2, yet the economic effects of ameliorating climatic changes by scattering sunlight back to...

Anticipated burden and mitigation of carbon-dioxide-induced nutritional deficiencies and related diseases: A simulation modeling study

July 2018

Rising atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations are anticipated to decrease the zinc and iron concentrations of crops.

Deep Transfer Learning for Crop Yield Prediction with Remote Sensing Data

June 2018

Accurate prediction of crop yields in developing countries in advance of harvest time is central to preventing famine, improving food security, and sustainable development of agriculture.

Satellite detection of cover crops and their effects on crop yield in the Midwestern United States

June 2018

The practice of planting winter cover crops has seen renewed interest as a solution to environmental issues with the modern maize- and soybean-dominated row crop production system of the US Midwest...

Future warming increases probability of globally synchronized maize production shocks

June 2018

Climate-induced shocks in grain production are a major contributor to global market volatility, which creates uncertainty for cereal farmers and agribusiness and reduces food access for poor...

Unprecedented rates of land-use transformation in modelled climate change mitigation pathways

May 2018

Integrated assessment models generate climate change mitigation scenarios consistent with global temperature targets.

Differences, or lack thereof, in wheat and maize yields under three low-warming scenarios

March 2018

The availability of climate model experiments under three alternative scenarios stabilizing at warming targets inspired by the COP21 agreements (a 1.5 ºC not exceed, a 1.5 ºC with overshoot and a 2...

Eyes in the sky, boots on the ground : assessing satellite- and ground-based approaches to crop yield measurement and analysis in Uganda

March 2018

Crop yields in smallholder systems are traditionally assessed using farmer-reported information in surveys, occasionally by crop cuts for a sub-section of a farmer's plot, and rarely using full...

The Elusive Goal of Global Food Security

February 2018

Ending world hunger is a universal goal, yet progress and social awareness of the issue waxes and wanes in the course of broader political and economic developments.

Feed conversion efficiency in aquaculture: do we measure it correctly?

February 2018

Globally, demand for food animal products is rising.

Improving environmental practices in agricultural supply chains: The role of company-led standards

December 2017

Food retailers and manufacturers are increasingly committing to address agricultural sustainability issues in their supply chains.

Historical effects of CO2 and climate trends on global crop water demand

November 2017

A critical question for agricultural production and food security is how water demand for staple crops will respond to climate and carbon dioxide (CO2) changes1, especially in light of the expected...

Increasing drought and diminishing benefits of elevated carbon dioxide for soybean yields across the US Midwest

November 2017

Elevated atmospheric CO2 concentrations ([CO2]) are expected to increase C3 crop yield through the CO2 fertilization effect (CFE) by stimulating photosynthesis and by reducing stomatal conductance...

Using satellite data to identify the causes of and potential solutions for yield gaps in India's Wheat Belt

September 2017

Food security will be increasingly challenged by climate change, natural resource degradation, and population growth.

Impact of a rural solar electrification project on the level and structure of women's empowerment

September 2017

Although development organizations agree that reliable access to energy and energy services—one of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals—is likely to have profound and perhaps disproportionate...

Mapping Smallholder Yield Heterogeneity at Multiple Scales in Eastern Africa

September 2017

Accurate measurements of crop production in smallholder farming systems are critical to the understanding of yield constraints and, thus, setting the appropriate agronomic investments and policies...

People

Rosamond L. Naylor Senior Fellow William Wrigley Professor of Earth System Science, Senior Fellow, Stanford Woods Institute and Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies, Professor, by courtesy, Economics, Senior Fellow and Founding Director, Center on Food Security and the Environment
Steven Gorelick Cyrus F. Tolman Professor and Senior Fellow, Stanford Woods Institute for the Environment
Zhenong Jin Affiliated scholar
Elsa Ordway PhD candidate, Earth System Science
Christopher Seifert PhD student, Earth System Science
Katrina ole-MoiYoi Affiliated scholar
Pamela Ronald Affiliated scholar
George Azzari Affiliated scholar
Johan Swinnen Affiliate
Anthony Louis D'Agostino Affiliated scholar
Vincent Tanutama Research Data Analyst, Center on Food Security and the Environment