Global society is seriously threatened by the environmental impacts of human activities. Although the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment and the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change have been established to analyze biophysical aspects of global change, there is no equivalent effort to assess the role of individual behavior in creating those environmental threats. The authors of this Policy Forum propose the institution of a Millennium Assessment of Human Behavior to establish serious dialogues about what can and should be done.
Prior to the 2000 election The Aspen Institute convened a distinguished group of science, business, and environment leaders as a hypothetical committee to advise the new President on global environmental policy. Experts prepared this set of policy memos to tell the President, concisely and in understandable language, "what he should know" and "what he should do" about climate change, biodiversity, population, oceans, water, food and agriculture, and other problems.
During each of the past several U.S. presidential elections, Science has posed questions about science policy to the major-party candidates. The editors have tried to ask hard questions that challenge the candidates and their staffs to develop thoughtful answers--responses that will not only help Science's readership evaluate their positions before the election but might clarify important science and technology issues for a much larger number of thoughtful Americans.
Earth Systems: Processes and Issues is the ideal textbook for introductory courses in earth systems science and environmental science. Integrating the principles of the natural sciences, engineering, and economics as they pertain to the global environment, it explains the complex couplings and feedback mechanisms linking the geosphere, biosphere, hydrosphere, and atmosphere. An impressive group of internationally respected researchers and lecturers have brought together a vast wealth of teaching experience to produce this fully integrated environmental textbook.
This paper is the result of a project undertaken in the Institute for International Studies, Stanford University, at the invitation of and with support from the Carnegie Commission on Preventing Deadly Conflict. Donald Kennedy (Center for Environmental Science and Policy) and David Holloway (Center for International Security and Arms Control) were codirectors of the project. Erika Weinthal served as research associate.
(excerpt) The group of science, environment, and business leaders who produced and discussed these memoranda share a strong conviction that you and your administration face an array ofhistoric and urgent challenges—the kind that, with bold leadership, can be turned into exceptional opportunities.